HYGIENE (Fr. hygiene, from Gr. ir'taivety, to be healthy) , thescience of preserving
See also:health, its
See also:practical aim being to render " growth more perfect, decay less rapid,
See also:life more vigorous,
See also:death more remote." The subject is thus a very wide one, embracing all the agencies which affect the
See also:physical and
See also:mental well-being of man, and it requires acquaintance with such diverse sciences as physics, chemistry, geology,
See also:engineering, architecture, meteorology, epidemiology,
See also:bacteriology and
See also:statistics . On the
See also:personal or individual side it involves
See also:consideration of the character and quality of
See also:food and of
See also:water and other beverages; of clothing; of
See also:work, exercise and sleep; of personal cleanliness, of
See also:special habits, such as the use of
See also:tobacco, narcotics, &c.; and of
See also:control of sexual and other passions . In its more general and public aspects it must take cognizance of meteorological conditions, roughly included under the
See also:climate; of the site or
See also:soil on which dwellings are placed; of the character, materials and arrangement of dwellings, whether regarded individually or in relation to other houses among which they stand; of their
See also:heating and ventilation; of the removal of excreta and other effete matters; of medical knowledge
See also:relating to the incidence and prevention of disease; and of the disposal of the dead .
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