Online Encyclopedia

IBN ATHTR

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V14, Page 219 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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IBN ATHTR  , the
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family name of three brothers, all famous in Arabian literature, born at Jazirat
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ibn '
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Umar in
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Kurdistan . The eldest
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brother, known as MAJD UD-DiN (1149-1210), was long in the service of the amir of
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Mosul, and was an earnest student of tradition and language . His
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dictionary of traditions (Kitdb un-Nihdya) was published at Cairo (1893), and his dictionary of family names (Kitdb ul-Murassa') has been edited by Seybold (
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Weimar, 1896) . The youngest brother, known as DIVA UD-DIN (1163-1239), served Saladin from 1191 on, then his son, al-Malik ul-Afdal, and was afterwards in
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Egypt, Samosata, Aleppo, Mosul and Bagdad . He was one of the most famous aesthetic and stylistic critics in Arabian literature . His Kitdb ul-Mathal, published in Bulaq in 1865 (cf . Journal of the German
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Oriental Society,
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xxxv . 148, and Goldziher's 1 The name "
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Ibis was selected as the title of an ornithological
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magazine. frequently referred to in this and other articles, which made its first appearance in 1859 . Abhandlungen, i . 161 sqq.), contains some very
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independent criticism of ancient and
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modern Arabic verse . Some of his letters have been published by D . S .

Margoliouth " On the Royal

Correspondence of Diya ed-Din el-Jazari " in the Actes du dixihme congas international
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des orientalistes,
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sect . 3, pp . 7-21 . The brother best known by the
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simple name of Ibn Athir was
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ABU-L-
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HASAN 'IZZUDDIN MAHOMMED IBN UL-ATHIR (116o-1234), who devoted himself to the study of
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history and tradition . At the age of twenty-one he settled with his
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father in Mosul and continued his studies there . In the service of the amir for many years, he visited Bagdad and Jerusalem and later Aleppo and
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Damascus . He died in Mosul . His
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great history, the Kamil, extends to the
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year 1231; it has been edited by C . J . Tornberg, Ibn al-Athiri Chronicon quod perfectissimum inscribitur (14 vols.,
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Leiden, 1851-1876), and has been published in 12 vols. in Cairo (1873 and 1886) . The first
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part of this
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work up to A.H . 310 (A.D .

923) is an

abbreviation of the work of Tabari (q.v.) with additions . Ibn Athir also wrote a history of the Atabegs of Mosul, published in the Recueil des historiens des croisades (vol. ii., Paris); a work (Usd ul-Ghdba), giving an account of 7500 companions of Mahomet (5 vols., Cairo, 1863), and a compendium (the Lubab) of Sam'ani's Kitdb ul-Anskb (cf . F . Wustenfeld's Specimen el-Lobabi,
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Gottingen, 1835) . (G . W .

End of Article: IBN ATHTR
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