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IBN TUFAIL

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Originally appearing in Volume V14, Page 223 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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IBN TUFAIL, or ToFAIL [Abu Bakr Mahommed ibn 'Abd-ul-Malik ibn Tufail ul-Qaisi] (d. 1185), Moslem philosopher, was born at Guadix near Granada. There he received a good training in philosophy and medicine, and is said to have been a pupil of Avempace (q.v.). He became secretary to the governor of Granada, and later physician and vizier to the. Mohad caliph, Abu Ya'qub Yusuf. He died at Morocco. 1 Summary in E. G. Browne, A Literary History of Persia (London, 1902), pp. 387 f. 2 The preface was translated into German by Theodor Noldeke in his Beitrage (Hanover, 1864), pp. 1-51. His chief work is a philosophical romance, in which he describes the awakening and growth of intellect in a child removed from the influences of ordinary life. Its Arabic title is Risalat Hayy ibn Yagzan; it was edited by E. Pococke as Philosophus autodidactus (Oxford, 1671; 2nd ed., 1700), and with a French translation by L. Gauthier (Algiers, 1900). An English translation by S. Ockley was published in 1708 and has been reprinted since. A Spanish translation b} F. Pons Boigues was published at Saragossa (1900). Another work of Ibn Tufail, the Kitab Asrar ul-Hikma ul-mashragtyya (" Secrets of Eastern Science"), was published at Bulaq (1882) ; cf. S. Munk, Melanges (1859), pp. 410 sqq., and T. J, de Boer, Geschichte der Philosophie im Islam (Stuttgart, 1901), pp. 160 sqq. (also an English translation). (G. W. T.)
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