INDUS , one of the three greatest
See also:rivers of
See also:northern India . A considerable accession of exact
See also:geographical knowledge has been gained of the upper reaches of the
See also:river Indus and its tributaries during those military and
See also:political move- ments which have been so
See also:constant on the northern fn the
See also:Himalaya . frontiers of India of
See also:recent years . The
See also:sources of the Indus are to be traced to the glaciers of the
See also:group of peaks in 32° 20' N. and 81° E., which overlook the Mansarowar lake and the sources of the
See also:Brahmaputra, the
See also:Sutlej and the
See also:Gogra to the south-east . Three great affluents, flowing
See also:north-west, unite in about So° E. to
See also:form the
See also:main stream, all of them, so far as we know at
See also:present, derived from the Kailas glaciers . Of these the northern tributary points the road from Ladakh to the Jhalung goldfields, and the
See also:southern, or Gar, forms a
See also:link in the great Janglam—the Tibetan
See also:trade route—which connects Ladakh with Lhasa and Lhasa with
See also:China .
See also:Gartok (about 50 M. from the source of this southern
See also:head of the Indus) is an important point on this trade route, and is now made accessible to
See also:Indian traders by treaty with
See also:Tibet and China . At
See also:Leh, the Ladakh capital, the river has already pursued an almost even north-
See also:westerly course for 300 m., except for a remarkable divergence to the south-west which carries it across, or through, the Ladakh range to follow the same course on the southern side that had been maintained on the north . This very remarkable instance of transverse drainage across a main
See also:axis occurs in 79° E., about too m. above Leh . For another 230 m., in a north-westerly direction, the Indus pursues a comparatively gentle and placid course over its sandy
See also:bed between the
See also:giant chains of Ladakh to the north and Zaskar (the main " snowy range " of the Himalaya) to the south, amidst an array of mountain scenery which, for the
See also:majesty of sheer altitude, is unmatched by any in the
See also:world . Then the river takes up the
See also:waters of the Shyok from the north (a tributary nearly as great as itself), having already captured the Zasvar from the south, together with innumerable minor glacier-fed streams . The Shyok is an important feature in Trans-Himalayan hydrography .
Rising near the southern
See also:foot of the well-known Karakoram pass on The Shyok affluent . the high road between Ladakh and
See also:Kashgar, it first drains the southern slopes of the Karakoram range, and then breaks across the axis of the Murtagh chain (of which the Karakoram is now recognized as a subsidiary extension northwards) ere bending north-westwards to run a parallel course to the Indus for 15o m. before its junction with that river . The combined streams still hold on their north-westerly trend for another too m., deep hidden under the
See also:shadow of a vast array of
See also:snow-crowned summits, until they arrive within sight of the Rakapushi
See also:peak which pierces the north-western
See also:sky midway between
See also:Gilgit and
See also:Hunza . Here the great
See also:change of direction to the south-west occurs, which is thereafter maintained till the Indus reaches the ocean . At this point it receives the Gilgit river from the north-west, having dropped from 15,000 to 4000 ft . (at the junction of the rivers) The allgtt after about 500 M. of mountain descent through the aft/me+t.
See also:independent provinces of northern
See also:Kashmir .
INDUSTRIA (mod. Monteu da Po)
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