INGELHEIM (Ober-Ingelheim and Nieder-Ingelheim) , the name of two contiguousmarket-towns of Germany, in the
See also:grand-duchy of Hesse-
See also:Darmstadt, on the Selz, near its confluence with the Rhine, 9 m . W.N.W. of
See also:Mainz on the railway to
See also:Coblenz . Ober-Ingelheim, formerly an imperial
See also:town, is still surrounded by walls . It has an Evangelical
See also:church with painted windows representing scenes in the
See also:life of Charlemagne, a
See also:Roman Catholic church and a synagogue . Its chief
See also:industry is the manufacture of red
See also:wine . Pop . (1900) 3402 . Nieder-Ingelheim has an Evangelical and a Roman Catholic church, and, in addition to wine, manufactories of paper, chemicals,
See also:cement and
See also:malt . Pop . 3435 . Nieder-Ingelheim is, according to one tradition, the birthplace of Charlemagne, and it possesses the ruins of an old palace built by that emperor between 768 and 774 . The
See also:building contained one
See also:hundred marble pillars, and was also adorned with sculptures and mosaics sent from Ravenna by
See also:Pope Adrian I .
It was extended by
See also:Barbarossa, and was burned down in 1270, being restored by the emperor
See also:Charles IV. in 1354 . Having passed into the possession of the elector palatine of the Rhine, the building suffered much damage during a war in 1462, the
See also:Thirty Years' War, and the French invasion in 1689 . Only few remains of it are now
See also:standing; but of the pillars, several are in
See also:Paris, one is in the museum at
See also:Wiesbaden and another on the Scliillerplatz in Mainz . Inside its boundaries there isthe restored
See also:Remigius Kirche, apparently dating from the
See also:time of Frederick I . See Hilz, Der Reichspalast zu Ingelheim (Ober-Ingelheim, 1868); and Clemen, " Der Karolingische Kaiserpalast zu Ingelheim," in Westdeutsche Zeitschrift,
See also:Band ix . (
See also:Trier, 1890) .
JEAN INGELOW (1820—1897)
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