Online Encyclopedia

INNOCENT I

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V14, Page 577 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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INNOCENT I  ., pope from 402 to 417, was the son of Pope
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Anastasius I . It was during his papacy that the siege of Rome by Alaric (408) took place, when, according to a doubtful anecdote of
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Zosimus, the ravages of plague and famine were so frightful, and help seemed so far off, that papal permission was granted to sacrifice and pray to the
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heathen deities; the pope was, however, absent from Rome on a
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mission to Honorius at Ravenna at the time of the
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sack in 410 . He lost no opportunity of maintaining and extending the authority of the
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Roman see as the ultimate resort for the settlement of all disputes; and his still extant communications to Victricius of
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Rouen, Exuperius of Toulouse, Alexander of
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Antioch and others, as well as his
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action on the
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appeal made to him by
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Chrysostom against
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Theophilus of Alexandria, show that opportunities of the kind were numerous and varied . He took a decided view on the Pelagian controversy, confirming the decisions of the synod of the province of
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pro-consular Africa held in Carthage in 416, which had been sent to him . He wrote in the same
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year in a similar sense to the fathers of the Numidian synod of Mileve who, Augustine being one of their number, had addressed him . Among his letters are one to Jerome and another to John, bishop of Jerusalem, regarding annoyances to which the first named had been subjected by the Pelagians at . Bethlehem . He died on the 12th of March 417, and in the Roman Church is commemorated as a
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confessor along with Saints Nazarius, Celsus and Victor, martyrs, on the 28th of
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July . His successor was Zosimus .

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