See also:term for the mind in reference to its capacity for knowing or understanding . It is very vaguely used in
See also:common language . A man is described as " intellectual " generally because he is occupied with theory and principles rather than with practice, often with the further implication that his theories are concerned mainly with abstract matters: he is aloof from the
See also:world, and especially is a man of training and culture who cares little for the ordinary pleasures of sense . " Intellect " is thus distinguished from " intelligence " by the
See also:field of its operations, " intelligence " being used in the
See also:practical sphere for readiness to grasp a situation . (The employment of the word as a synonym for "
See also:news " is mere journalese; such phrases as " Intelligence Department " in connexion with
See also:newspapers and public offices are more justifiable.) In philosophy the "intellect " is contrasted with the senses and the will; it sifts and combines sense-given data, which otherwise would be only momentary, lasting practically only as long as the stimuli continued to operate . It thus includes the cognitive processes, and is the source of all real knowledge . Various attempts have been made to narrow the use of the term, e.g. to the higher regions of knowledge entirely above the region of sense (so
See also:Kant), or to conceptual processes; but no agreement has been reached . " Intellection " (i.e. the
See also:process as opposed to the capacity) has similarly been narrowed (e.g. by
See also:Ward) to the sphere of concepts; other writers, however, give it a much wider meaning . " Intellectualism " is a term given to any
See also:system which emphasizes the cognitive
See also:function; thus aesthetic intellectualism is that view of
See also:aesthetics which subordinates the sensual gratification or the delight in purely formal beauty to what may be called the ideal content .
INTAGLIO (an Ital. word, from intagliare, to incise...
INTELLIGENCE IN ANIMALS
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