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IRELAND

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V26, Page 80 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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IRELAND.-Ill Ireland the High Court has the same summary powers in cases of contempt, and the term " court of summary jurisdiction " has the same meaning as in England (Interpretation Act 1889, s. 13 [n]), subject to the definition of the Summary Jurisdiction (Ireland) Acts, which are, as regards the Dublin metropolitan police district, the acts regulating the powers and duties of justices of the peace or of the police of that district, and as respects any other part of Ireland the Petty Sessions (Ireland) Act 1851 (14 and 15 Vict. c. 93) and any act amending the same. The acts are more extensive in their purview than the English acts, as they form in a great degree a code of substantive law as well as of procedure. By an act of 1884 the same jurisdiction was given as to offences by children as by the act of 1879 in England. Stipendiary or resident magistrates may be appointed in the place of unpaid justices under an act of 1836 (6 & 7 W. IV. C. 13). The exceptional political circumstances of Ireland have led to the conferring at different times on courts of summary jurisdiction of an authority, generally temporary, greater than that which they can exercise in Great Britain. Recent instances are the Peace Preservation Act 1881, and the Prevention of Crimes Act 1882, both expired, and the Criminal Law and Procedure (Ireland) Act 1887.
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