Online Encyclopedia

ISERE [anc. Isara]

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V14, Page 867 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ISERE [anc. Isara], one of the chief rivers in France as well as of those flowing down on the French side of the Alpine chain. Its total length from its source to its junction with the Rhone is about 1So m., during which it descends a height of about 7550 ft. Its drainage area is about 4725 sq. m. It flows through the departments of Savoie, Isere and Drome. This river rises in the Galise glaciers in the French Graian Alps and flows, as a mountain torrent, through a narrow valley past Tignes in a north-westerly direction to Bourg St Maurice, at the western foot of the Little St Bernard Pass. It now bends S.W., as far as Moutiers, the chief town of the Tarentaise, as the upper course of the Isere is named. Here it again turns N.W. as far as Albertville, where after receiving the Any (right) it once more takes a south-westerly direction, and near St Pierre d'Albigny receives its first important tributary, the Arc (left), a wild mountain stream flowing through the Maurienne and past the foot of the Mont Cenis Pass. A little way below, at Montmelian, it becomes officially navigable (for about half of its course), though it is but little used for that purpose owing to the irregular depth of its bed and the rapidity of its current. Very probably, in ancient days, it flowed from Montmelian N.W. and, after passing through or forming the Lac du Bourget, joined the Rhone. But at present it continues from Montmelian in a south-westerly airection, flowing through the broad and fertile valley of the Graisivaudan, though receiving but a single affluent of any importance, the Breda (left). At Grenoble, the most important town on its banks, it bends for a short distance again N.W. But just below that town it receives by far its most important affluent (left) the Drac, which itself drains the entire S. slope of the lofty snow-clad Dauphine Alps, and which, 11 m. above Grenoble. had received the Romanche (right), a mountain stream which drains the entire central and N. portion of the same Alps. Hence the Drac is, at its junction with the Isere, a stream of nearly the same volume, while these two rivers, with the Durance, drain practically the entire French slope of the Alpine chain, the basins of the Arve and of the Var forming the sole exceptions. A short distance below Moirans the Isere changes its direction for the last time and now flows S.W. past Romans before joining the Rhone on the left, as its principal affluent after the Saone and the Durance, between Tournon and Valence. The Isere is remarkable for the way in which it changes its direction, forming three great loops of which the apex is respectively at Bourg St Maurice, Albertville and Moirans. For some way after its junction with the Rhone the grey troubled current of the Isere can be distinguished in the broad and peaceful stream of the Rhone. (W. A. B. C )
End of Article: ISERE [anc. Isara]
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