J1J el in thelow ground below the
See also:town, may be mentioned . Close to it, among the houses of the modern town, a solid
See also:base about 25 ft. square, belonging possibly to a lighthouse or a
See also:tomb, records the existence of a
See also:temple of
See also:Isis and
See also:Serapis during the imperial
See also:period . A bilingual inscription of the 1st century B.C . (?) in Latin and in neo-Punic records the erection of a statue to Himilkat, who had carried out a decree of the
See also:local senatus for the erection of a temple to a goddess (described in the Punic version as domina dea—possibly Tanit herself) by his son Himilkat (T .
See also:Mommsen in Corp. incr.
See also:lat. x . 7513, 7514) . The Phoenician tombs consist of a chamber cut in the
See also:rock, measuring about 14 ft. square and 8 ft. high, and approached by a
See also:staircase: some of these have been converted into dwellings in modern times . Many of the curious sculptured stelae found in these tombs are now in the museum of Cagliari . On many of them the goddessTanit is represented, often in a
See also:form resembling Isis, which gave rise to the unfounded belief of the
See also:Egyptian origin of
See also:Sulci . The
See also:Roman tombs, on the other
See also:hand, are simply trenches excavated in the rock . There are also several catacombs: a
See also:group still exists under the
See also:church, in which was discovered the
See also:body of the
See also:martyr St
See also:Antiochus, from whom the modern town takes its name . The church is cruciform, with heavy pillars between
See also:nave and aisles, and a dome over the
See also:crossing: it belongs to the
See also:Byzantine period, and contains an inscription of Torcotorius, protospatarius and Salusius, apxwv, dating from the loth century A.U .
(A . Taramelli in Archivio storico sardo, 1907, 83 sqq.) . Others farthersouth-west were Jewish; they have inscriptions in red painted on the
See also:plaster with which they are lined, and the seven-branched
See also:candlestick occurs several times . The fort which occupies the highest point—no doubt the acropolis of the Punic period—is quite modern . The long, low
See also:isthmus which, with the help of bridges, connects the
See also:island with the mainland, is very likely in
See also:part or entirely of artificial origin; but neither it nor the bridges show any definite traces of Roman date . On either side of it
See also:ships could find shelter then as nowadays . The origin of Sulci is attributed by
See also:Pausanias to the Carthaginians, and the Punic antiquities found there go to indicate the correctness of his account . It is mentioned in the account of the First Punic War as the place at which the Carthaginian
See also:admiral Hannibal took
See also:refuge after his defeat by C . Sulpicius, but was crucified . In 46 B.C. the city was severely punished by Caesar for the assistance given to
See also:Pompey's admiral Nasidius . Under the
See also:empire it was one of the most flourishing cities of
See also:Sardinia . It was attacked by the
See also:Vandals and
See also:Saracens, but ceased to exist before the 13th century .
Previously to this it had been one of the four episcopal
See also:sees into which Sardinia was divided . A
See also:castle in the low ground, attributed to the
See also:index Torcotorius, to the south of the modern town, was destroyed in modern times . See A . Tarawelli in Notizie degli scavi (1906), 135; (1908), 145, 192 . (T .
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