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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 120 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JENS PETER JACOBSEN (1847-1885), Danish imaginative writer, was born at Thisted in Jutland, on the 7th of April 1847; he was the eldest of the five children of a prosperous merchant. He became a student at the university of Copenhagen in 1868. As a boy he showed a remarkable turn for science, particularly for botany. In 187o, although he was secretly writing verses already, Jacobsen definitely adopted botany as a profession. He was sent by a scientific body in Copenhagen to report on the flora of the islands of Anholt and Lasd. About this time the discoveries of Darwin began to exercise a fascination over him, and finding them little understood in Denmark, he translated into Danish The Origin of Species and The Descent of Man. In Anne Marie' (1669–1728) = Victor Amadeus II., king of Sardinia (1666–1732) Charles Emmanuel III. king of Sardinia (1701–1773) Victor Aml adeus III. king of Sardinia (1726-1796) Victor Emmanuel I. king of Sardinia (1759–1824) Marie Beatrice c. 178o–184o) _ Francis IV., duke of Modena (1779–1846) Ferdinand (1821–1849) Marie Therese (b. 1849) _ Louis, prince of Bavaria (b. 1845) Rup Irt, prince Charles Francis of Bavaria (b. 1869) (b. 1874) (b. 1875) Luitlpold Albert Rudolph (b. 1901) (b. 1905) (b. 1909) Among the modern Jacobite, or legitimist, societies perhaps the most important is the " Order of the White Rose," which has a branch in Canada and the United States. The order holds that sovereign authority is of divine sanction, and that the execution of Charles I. and the revolution of 1688 were national crimes; it exists to study the history of the Stuarts, to oppose all democratic tendencies, and in general to maintain the theory that kingship is independent of all parliamentary authority and popular approval. The order, which was instituted in 1886, was responsible for the Stuart exhibition of 1889, and has a newspaper, the Royalist. Among other societies with similar objects in view are the " Thames Valley Legitimist Club " and the " Legitimist Jacobite League of Great Britain and Ireland." See Historical Papers relating to the Jacobite Period, edited by J. Allardyce (Aberdeen, 1895–1896) ; James Hogg, The Jacobite Relics of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1819–1821) ; and F. W. Head, The Fallen Stuarts (Cambridge, 1901). The marquis de Ruvigny has compiled The Jacobite Peerage (Edinburgh, 1904), a work which purports to give a list of all the titles and honours conferred by the kings of the exiled House of Stuart. (A. W. II.*)
End of Article: JENS PETER JACOBSEN (1847-1885)
JACOBUS DE VORAGINE (c. 1230-c. 1298)

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