See also:born at
See also:Lyons on the 7th of
See also:July 1752 . On the
See also:death of his
See also:father, who was a working
See also:weaver, be inherited two looms, with which he started business on his own account . He did not, however, prosper, and was at last forced to become a lime-burner at
See also:Bresse, while his wife supported herself at Lyons by plaiting
See also:straw . In 1793 he took
See also:part in the unsuccessful defence of Lyons against the troops of the
See also:Convention; but afterwards served in their ranks on the Rhone and
See also:Loire . After seeing some active service, in which his
See also:young son was shot down at his side, he again returned to Lyons . There he obtained a situation in a factory, and employed his spare
See also:time in constructing his improved
See also:loom, of which he had conceived the idea several years previously . In 18os he exhibited his invention at the
See also:exhibition at
See also:Paris; and in 1803 he was summoned to Paris and attached to the
See also:des Arts et Metiers . A loom by Jacques de Vaucanson (1709-1782), deposited there, suggested various improvements in his own, which he gradually perfected to its final state . Although his invention was fiercely opposed by the
See also:silk-weavers, who feared that its introduction, owing to the saving of labour, would deprive them of their livelihood, its advantages secured its general adoption, and by 1812 there were 11,000
See also:Jacquard looms in use in France . The loom was declared public
See also:property in 18o6, and Jacquard was rewarded with a pension and a
See also:royalty on each machine . He died at Oullins (Rhone) on the 7th of
See also:August 1834, and six years later a statue was erected to him at Lyons (see
See also:WEAVING) .
JOSEPH JACOTOT (1770-1840)
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