Online Encyclopedia

JARGON

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 276 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JARGON, in its earliest use a term applied to the chirping and twittering of birds, but since the 15th century mainly confined to any language, spoken or written, which is either unintelligible to the user or to the hearer. It is particularly applied by uninstructed hearers or readers to the language full of technical terminology used by scientific, philosophic and other writers. The word is O. Fr., and Cotgrave defines it as " gibridge (gibberish), fustian language." It is cognate with Span. gerigonza, and Ital. gergo, gergone, and probably related to the onomatopoeic O. Fr. jargouiller, to chatter. The root is probably seen in Lat. garrire, to chatter. Gen. v. 32, vi. Io, vii. 13, X. I ; cf. 1 Chron. i. 4. 2 Gen. ix. 27, X. 2, J. C. 850-750 B.C. In ix, 18 Ham is an editorial addition. ' Gen. x. 1-5 cf. I Chron. i. 5-7. For the significance of the genealogies in Gen. x. see HAM. See Gomm Goo. s So we should read with I Chron. i. 7 (LXX.) for Dodanim. indistinct crystals with a yellowish-brown colour and brilliant lustre. Hardness 3; Sp. gr. 3.15. The best specimens, consisting of crystalline crusts on limonite, are from the Jaroso ravine in the Sierra Almagrera, province of Almeria, Spain, from which locality the mineral receives its name. It has been also found, often in association with iron ores, at a few other localities. A variety occurring as concretionary or mulberry-like forms is known as 'moronolite (from Gr. µwpov, " mulberry," and XiOos, " stone ") ; it is found at Monroe in Orange county, New York. The recently discovered species natrojarosite and plumbojarosite occur as yellowish-brown glistening powders consisting wholly of minute crystals, and are from Nevada and New Mexico respectively. (L. J. S.)
End of Article: JARGON
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