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JEAN ALPHONSE TURRETIN (1671-1737)

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Originally appearing in Volume V27, Page 483 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JEAN ALPHONSE TURRETIN (1671-1737), son of the preceding, was born at Geneva on the 13th of August 1671. He studied theology at Geneva under L. Tronchin, and after travelling in Holland, England and France was received into the " Venerable Compagnie des Pasteurs" of Geneva in 1693. Here he became pastor of the Italian congregation, and in 1697 professor of church history, and later (1705) of theology. During the next forty years of his life he enjoyed great influence in Geneva as the advocate of a more liberal theology than had prevailed under the preceding generation, and it was largely through his instrumentality that the rule obliging ministers to subscribe to the Formula Consensus Helvetica was abolished in 1706, and the Consensus itself renounced in 1725. He also wrote and laboured for the promotion of union between the Reformed and Lutheran Churches, his most important work in this connexion being Nubes testium pro moderato et pacifico de rebus theologicis judicio, et instituenda inter Protest antes concordia (Geneva, 1729). Besides this he wrote Cogitationes et dissertationes theologicae, on the principles of natural and revealed religion (2 vols., Geneva, 1737; in French, Traite de la verite de la religion chretienne) and commentaries on Thessalonians and Romans. He died on the 1st of May 1737. See E. de Bude, Francois et J. Alphonse Turretini (2 vols., I88o), and Lettres inedites a Jean Alphonse Turretini (3 vols., 1887–1888) ; F. Turretini, Notice biographique sur Benedict Turretini 0870; C. Borgeaud, Histoire de l'universite de Geneve (1900).
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