Jerusalem (see Wetzer and Welte, Kirchenlexikon, 2nd ed., vi . 1357 sqq.) is that of 1672; and its confession is the most vital statement of faiTh made in the GreekEnd of Article: SYNOD OF JERUSALEM (1672)
See also:Church during the past thousand years.It refutes article by article the confession of Cyril
See also:Lucaris, which appeared in Latin at
See also:Geneva in 1629, and in Greek, with the addition of four " questions," in 1633 . Lucaris, who died in 1638 as
See also:patriarch of Constantinople, had corresponded with Western scholars and had imbibed Calvinistic views . The
See also:great opposition which arose during his lifetime continued after his
See also:death, and found classic expression in the highly venerated confession of Petrus Mogilas, metropolitan of Kiev (1643) . Though this was intended as a barrier against Calvinistic influences, certain Reformed writers, as well as
See also:Roman Catholics, persisted in claiming the support of the Greek Church for sundry of their own positions . Against the Calvinists the synod of 1672 therefore aimed its rejection of unconditional
See also:predestination and of
See also:justification by faith alone, also its advocacy of what are substantially the Roman doctrines of
See also:transubstantiation and of purgatory; the
See also:Oriental hostility to Calvinism had been fanned by the
See also:Jesuits . Against the Church of Rome, however, there was directed the affirmation that the
See also:Holy Ghost proceeds from the
See also:Father and not from both Father and Son; this rejection of the filioque was not unwelcome to the
See also:Turks . Curiously enough, the synod re-fused to believe that the heretical confession it refuted. was actually by a former patriarch of Constantinople; yet the proofs of its genuineness seem to most scholars overwhelming . In negotiations between
See also:Anglican and
See also:Russian churchmen the confession of Dositheus' usually comes to the front . TExTS.—The confession of Dositheus, or the eighteen decrees of the Synod of Jerusalem, appeared in 1676 at
See also:Paris as Synodus ' Patriarch of Jerusalem (1669–1707), who presided over the synod . Bethlehemitica; a revised text in 1678 as Synodus Jerosolymitana;
See also:Hardouin, Acta conciliorum, vol. xi.; Kimmel, Monumenta fidei ecclesiae orientalis (
See also:Jena, 185o; critical edition); P .
See also:Schaff, The Creeds of Christendom, vol. ii . (text after Hardouin and Kimmel, with Latin
See also:translation); The Acts and Decrees of the Synod of Jerusalem translated from the Greek, with notes, by J . N . W . B .
See also:Robertson (
See also:London, 1899) ; J . Michalcescu, Die Bekenntnisse and die wichtigsten Glaubenszeugnisse der griechisch-orientalischen Kirche (
See also:Leipzig, 1904; Kimmel's text with introductions) . LITERATURE.—Ths
See also:Doctrine of the Russian Church translated by R . W . Blackmore (
See also:Aberdeen, 1845), p.
See also:xxv. sqq . ; Schaff, i . § 17 ;IWetzer and Welte, Kirchenlexikon (2nd ed.)( vi .
1359 seq.;Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopadie (3rd ed.), viii . 703–705 ; Michalcescu, 123 sqq . (See
See also:COUNCILS.) (W . W .
JERUSALEM (Heb. ^S0-r, Yerushalaim, pronounced as a...
JESI (anc. Aesis)
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