JHELUM, or JEHLAM , a
See also:town and
See also:district of
See also:British India, in the
See also:Rawalpindi division of the
See also:Punjab . The town is situated on the right
See also:bank of the
See also:river Jhelum, here crossed by a
See also:bridge of the
See also:North-Western railway, 103 M . N. of
See also:Lahore . Pop . (1901), 14,951 . It is a
See also:modern town with river and railway
See also:trade (principally in
See also:timber from
See also:building and cantonments for a
See also:cavalry and four
See also:infantry regiments . The DISTRICT OF JHELUM stretches from the river Jhelum almost to the
See also:Indus .
See also:Area, 2813 sq. m . Pop . (1901), 501,424, showing a decrease of 2 % in the
See also:decade .
See also:Salt is quarried at the Mayo mine in the Salt Range . There are two
See also:coal-mines, the only ones worked in the province, from which the North-Western railway obtains
See also:part of its supply of coal .
Thechief centre of the salt trade is Pind Dadan Khan (pop . 13,770) . The district is crossed by the
See also:line of the North-Western railway, and also traversed along the south by a branch line . The river Jhelum is navigable throughout the district, which forms the south-eastern portion of a rugged Himalayan
See also:spur, extending between the Indus and Jhelum to the
See also:borders of the
See also:Doab . Its scenery is very picturesque, although not of so
See also:wild a character as the
See also:mountain region of Rawalpindi to the north, and is lighted up in places by smiling patches of cultivated valley . The backbone of the district is formed by the Salt Range, a
See also:treble line of parallel hills
See also:running in three long forks from east to west throughout its whole breadth . The range rises in bold precipices, broken by gorges, clothed with brushwood and traversed by streams which are at first pure, but soon become impregnated with the saline
See also:matter over which they pass . Between the line of hills lies a picturesque table-
See also:land, in which the beautiful little lake of Kallar Kahar nestles amongst the minor ridges . North of the Salt Range, the
See also:country extends upwards in an elevated
See also:plateau, diversified by countless ravines and fissures, until it loses itself in tangled masses of Rawalpindimountains . In this rugged
See also:tract cultivation is rare and difficult, the
See also:soil being choked with saline matter . At the
See also:foot of the Salt Range, however, a small
See also:strip of level soil lies along the
See also:banks of the Jhelum, and is thickly dotted with prosperous villages . The drainage of the district is determined by a low central
See also:watershed running north and south at right angles to the Salt Range .
See also:waters of the western portion find their way into the Sohan, and finally into the Indus; those of the opposite slope collect themselves into small torrents, and empty themselves into the Jhelum . The
See also:history of the district
See also:dates back to the semi-mythical
See also:period of the Mahabh¢rata .
See also:Hindu tradition represents the Salt Range as the
See also:refuge of the five Pandava brethren during the period of their
See also:exile, and every salient point in its scenery is connected with some
See also:legend of the
See also:national heroes . Modern
See also:research has fixed the site of the conflict between
See also:Alexander and
See also:Porus as within Jhelum district, although the exact point at which Alexander effected the passage of the Jhelum (or Hydaspes) is disputed . After this event, we have little information with regard to the
See also:condition of the district until the
See also:conquest brought back literature and history to Upper India . The Janjuahs and
See also:Jats, who now hold the Salt Range and its
See also:northern plateau respectively, appear to have been the earliest inhabitants . The Ghakkars seem to represent an early
See also:wave of conquest from the east, and they still inhabit the whole eastern slope of the district; while the Awans, who now cluster in the western plain, are apparently later invaders from the opposite quarter . The Ghakkars were the dominant
See also:race' at the period of the first Mahommedan incursions, and long continued to retain their independence . During the flourishing period of the
See also:dynasty, the Ghakkar chieftains were prosperous and loyal vassals of the
See also:house of
See also:Baber; but after the collapse of the
See also:Empire Jhelum fell, like its neighbours, under the sway of the Sikhs . In 1765 Gujar Singh defeated the last
See also:independent Ghakkar
See also:prince, and reduced the wild mountaineers to subjection . His son succeeded to his dominions, until 181o, when he fell before the irresistible power of Ranjit Singh . In 1849 the district passed, with the
See also:rest of the
See also:Sikh territories, into the hands of the British .
JHELUM, or JEHLAM (Hydaspes of the Greeks)
The official websites to visit about Jhelum are http://www.apnajhelum.com http://www.jhelum.info Further information will be added soon.
A history of ghakhar has recently been published by Col Sultan Zahoor Aklhtar Kayani named kai-Gohar nama which have many new and updated informations about the gakhar families resididng in District Rawalpindi and Jhelum.
is Ghakkar the same as jakar?. I have been trying to find information on the jakar rajput caste but nothing is available, can you help?
No, Gakhar is not the as jakar. Gakhar is noble family which is spreasd all over the punjab.. I am also a gakhar from bhera.
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