French dramatist and poet, wasEnd of Article: ETIENNE JODELLE
See also:born in
See also:Paris of a
See also:family . He attached himself to the poetic circle of the Pleiade (see DAURAT) and proceeded to apply the principles of the reformers to dramatic composition .
See also:Jodelle aimed at creating a classical drama that should be in every respect different from the moralities and soties that then occupied the French stage . His first
See also:play, Cleopdtre
See also:captive, was represented before the
See also:court at Reims in 1552 . Jodelle himself took the title role, and the
See also:cast included his friends Remy
See also:Belleau and
See also:Jean de la Peruse . In
See also:honour of the play's success the friends organized a little fete at
See also:Arcueil when a
See also:goat garlanded with
See also:flowers was led in procession and presented to the author—a ceremony exaggerated by the enemies of the Ronsardists into a renewal of the
See also:rites of the worship of Bacchus . Jodelle wrote two other plays .
See also:Eugene, a
See also:comedy satirizing the
See also:clergy, had less success than it deserved . Its preface poured scorn on Jodelle's predecessors in comedy, but in reality his own methods are not so very different from theirs .
See also:Didon se sacrifiant, a tragedy which follows Virgil's narrative, appears never to have been represented . Jodelle died in poverty in
See also:July 1573 . His
See also:works were collected the
See also:year after his
See also:death by
See also:Charles de la Mothe .
They include a quantity of
See also:verse dating chiefly from Jodelle's youth . The
See also:intrinsic value of his tragedies is small . Cleopdtre is lyric rather than dramatic . Throughout the five acts of the piece nothing actually happens . The death of Antony is announced by his ghost in the first
See also:act; the
See also:story of
See also:Cleopatra's suicide is related, but not represented, in the fifth . Each act is terminated by a
See also:chorus which moralizes on such subjects as the inconstancy of
See also:fortune and the judgments of
See also:heaven on human
See also:pride . But the play was the starting-point of French classical tragedy, and was soon followed by the Medee (1553) of Jean de la Peruse and the Aman (1561) of
See also:Andre de Rivaudeau . Jodelle was a rapid worker, but idle and fond of dissipation . His friend
See also:Ronsard said that his published poems gave Do adequate idea of his
See also:powers . Jodelle's works are collected (1868) in the Pleiade francaise of Charles Marty-Laveaux . The prefatory
See also:notice gives full information of the
See also:sources of Jodelle's biography, and La Mothe's
See also:criticism is reprinted in its entirety .
JODHPUR, or MARWAR
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