See also:British soldier and ,
See also:pioneer, was
See also:born in Smithtown,
See also:County Meath, Ire-
See also:land, in 1715, the son of Christopher
See also:Johnson, a
See also:country gentle-man . As a boy he was educated for a commercial career, but in 1738 he removed to
See also:America for the purpose of managing a
See also:tract of land in the
See also:Mohawk Valley, New
See also:York, belonging to his
See also:Warren (1703-1752) . He established himself on the south
See also:bank of the Mohawk
See also:river, about 25 M . W. of
See also:Schenectady . Before 1743 he removed to the
See also:north side of the river . The new settlement prospered from the start, and a valuable
See also:trade was built up with the
See also:Indians, over whom Johnson exercised an immense influence . The Mohawks adopted him and elected him a sachem . In 1744 he was appointed by
See also:Clinton (d . 1761)
See also:superintendent of the affairs of the Six Nations (
See also:Iroquois) . In 1746 he was made commissary of the province for
See also:Indian affairs, and was influential in enlisting and equipping the Six Nations for participation in the warfare with French
See also:Canada, two years later (1948) being placed in command of a
See also:line of outposts on the New York frontier . The peace of
See also:Aix-la-Chapelle put a stop to offensive operations, which he had begun . In May 1750 by royal
See also:appointment he became a member for
See also:life of the governor's council, and in the same
See also:year he resigned the
See also:post of superintendent of Indian affairs .
In 1754 he was one of the New York delegates to the inter-colonial
See also:convention at Albany, N.Y . In 1755 General
See also:Edward Braddock, the
See also:commander of the British forces in America, commissioned him major-general, in which capacity he directed the expedition against
See also:Crown Point, and in
See also:September defeated the French and Indians under Baron Ludwig A . Dieskau (1701–1767) at the
See also:battle of Lake George, where he himself was wounded . For this success he received the thanks of parliament, and was created a
See also:baronet (
See also:November 1755) . From
See also:July 1756 until his
See also:death he was "
See also:sole superintendent of the Six Nations and other
See also:Northern Indians." He took
See also:part in General
See also:Abercrombie's disastrous
See also:campaign against
See also:Ticonderoga (1758), and in 1759 he was second in command in General
See also:John Prideaux's expedition against Fort Niagara, succeeding to the chief command on that officer's death, and capturing the fort . In 1760 he was with General
See also:Jeffrey Amherst (1717–1797) at the capture of
See also:Montreal . As a
See also:reward for his services the
See also:king granted him a tract of
See also:Ioo,000 acres of land north of the Mohawk river . It was due to his influence that the Iroquois refused to join Pontiac in his
See also:conspiracy, and he was instrumental in arranging the treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1768 . After the war Sir
See also:William retired to his estates, where, on the site of the
See also:Johnstown, he built his residence, Johnson
See also:Hall, and lived in all the
See also:style of an
See also:English baron . He devoted himself to colonizing his extensive lands, and is said to have been the first to introduce
See also:sheep and
See also:blood horses into the province . He died at Johnstown, N.Y., on the 11th of July 1774 . In 1739 Johnson had married Catherine Wisenberg, by whom he had three
See also:children .
After her death he had various mistresses, including a niece of the Indian chief Hendrick, and MollyBrant, a
See also:sister of the famous chief
See also:Joseph Brant . His son, SIR JOHN JOHNSON (1742–1830), who was knighted in 1765 and succeeded to the baronetcy on his
See also:father's death, took part in the French and Indian War and in the border warfare during the War of Independence, organizing a loyalist regiment known as the "
See also:Queen's Royal Greens," which he led at the battle of
See also:Oriskany and in the raids (1778 and 178o) on
See also:Cherry Valley and in the Mohawk Valley . He was also one of the
See also:officers of the force defeated by General John
See also:Sullivan in the engagement at Newtown (
See also:Elmira), N.Y., on the 29th of
See also:August 1779 . He was made brigadier-general of provincial troops in 1782 . His estates had been confiscated, and after the war he lived in Canada, where he held from 1791 until his death the
See also:office of superintendent-general of Indian affairs for British North America . He received L45,000 from the British
See also:government for his losses . Sir William's
See also:GuY JOHNSON (1740-1788), succeeded his uncle as superintendent of Indian affairs in 1774, and served in the French and Indian War and, on the British side, in the War of Independence . See W . L .
See also:Stone, Life of Sir William Johnson (2 vols., 1865) ; W . E . Griffis, Sir William Johnson and the Six Nations (1891) in " Makers of America " series;
See also:Augustus C .
See also:Buell, Sir William Johnson (1903) in " Historic Lives Series "; and J .
See also:Watts De Peyster, " The Life of Sir John Johnson,
See also:Bart.," in The Orderly
See also:Book of Sir John Johnson during the Oriskany Campaign, 7776-1777, annotated by William L . Stone (1882) .
SIR THOMAS JOHNSON (1664-1729)
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