Online Encyclopedia

JOHN GEORGE II

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 459 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHN GEORGE II  . (1613-168o), elector of Saxony, was born on the 31st of May 1613 . In 1657, just after his accession, he made an arrangement with his three brothers with the
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object of preventing disputes over their
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separate territories, and in 1664 he entered into friendly relations with Louis XIV . He received
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money from the French king, but the existence of a strong anti-French party in Saxony induced him occasionally to
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respond to the overtures of the emperor Leopold I . The elector's
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primary interests were not in politics, but in
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music and
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art . He adorned
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Dresden, which under him became the musical centre of Germany; welcoming
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foreign musicians and others he gathered around him a large and splendid court, and his capital was the constant scene of musical and other festivals . His enormous
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expenditure compelled him in 1661 to grant greater control over monetary matters to the estates, a step which laid the foundation of the later
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system of
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finance in Saxony . John George died at Freiberg on the 22nd of August 1680 .

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