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ST JOHN OF THE CROSS (1542-1591)

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Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 448 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ST

JOHN OF THE
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CROSS (1542-1591)
  ,
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Spanish mystic, was born at Ontiveros (Old Castile) on the 24th of
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June 1542 . He became a professed' Carmelite in 1564, and was ordained priest at Salamanca in 1567 . He met with much opposition in his efforts to introduce the reforms proposed by St Theresa, and was more than once imprisoned . His real name was Juan de Yepez y Alvarez; in religion he was known as Juan de
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San Matias till 1568, when he adopted the name of Juan de la Cruz . Broken by persecution, he was sent to the monastery of Ubeda, where he died in 1591; his Obras espiriluales were published posthumously in 1618 . He was beatified in 1674 and canonized on the 27th of December 1726 . The lofty symbolism of his
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prose is frequently obscure, but his lyrical verses are distinguished for their rapturous ecstasy and beauty of expression . Some of his poems have been translated with
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great success by Arthur Symons in Images of Good and Evil; the most convenient edition of his
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works, which have been frequently reprinted, is that contained in vol. xvi. of the Biblioteca de autores espanoles .

End of Article: ST JOHN OF THE CROSS (1542-1591)
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