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JOHN WALTER (3) (1818-1894)

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Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 297 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHN WALTER (3) (1818-1894), his eldest son, was born at Printing-house Square in 1818, and was educated at Eton and Exeter College, Oxford, being called to the bar in 1847. On leaving Oxford he took part in the business management of The Times, and on his father's death became sole manager, though he devolved part of the work on Mr Mowbray Morris. He was a man of scholarly tastes and serious religious views, and his conscientious character had a marked influence on the tone of the paper. It was under him that the successive improvements in the printing machinery, begun by his father in 1814, at last reached the stage of the " Walter Press " in 1869, the pioneer of modern newspaper printing-presses. In 1847 he was elected to Parliament for Nottingham as a moderate Liberal, and was re-elected in 1852 and in 1857. In 1859 he was returned for Berkshire, and though defeated in 1865, was again elected in 1868, and held the seat till he retired in 1885. He died on the 3rd of November 1894. He was twice married, first in 1842 to Emily Frances Court (d. 1858), and secondly in 1861 to Flora Macnabb. His eldest son by the first marriage, John, was accidentally drowned at Bear Wood in 1870; and he was succeeded by Mr Arthur Fraser Walter (1846-191o), his second son by the first marriage. Mr A. F. Walter remained chief proprietor of The Times till 1908, when it-was converted into a company. He then became chairman of the board of directors, and on his death was succeeded in this position by his son John. See NEWSPAPERS: Modern London Newspapers (The Times), for the history of the paper. (H. CH.) WALTER, LUCY (c. 163o-1658), mistress of the English king Charles II. and reputed mother of the duke of Monmouth (q.v.), is believed to have been born in 163o, or a little later, at Roch Castle, near Haverfordwest. The Walters were a Welsh family of good standing, who declared for the king during the Civil War. Roch Castle having been captured and burned by the parliamentary forces in 1644, Lucy Walter found shelter first in London and then at the Hague. There, in 1648, she met the future king, possibly renewing an earlier acquaintance. There is little reason for believing the story that she was his first mistress; it is certain that he was not her first lover. The intimacy between him and this " brown, beautiful, bold but insipid creature," as John Evelyn calls her, who chose to be known as Mrs Barlow (Barlo) lasted with intervals till the autumn of 1651, and Charles claimed the paternity of a child born in 1649, whom he subsequently created duke of Monmouth. A daughter, Mary (b. 1651), of whom the reputed father was Henry Bennet, earl of Arlington, married William Sarsfield, brother of Patrick Sarsfield, earl of Lucan. On the termination of her connexion with Charles II., Lucy Walter abandoned herself to a life of promiscuous immorality, which resulted in her premature death, at Paris, in 1658. Her name is often wrongly written Walters or Waters. See Steinmann, Althorp Memoirs (1869), pp. 77 seq. and Addenda (188o) ; J. S. Clarke, Life of James II. (2 vols., f816); Clarendon State Papers, vol. iii. (Oxford, 1869-1876); and John Evelyn, Diary, edited by W. Bray (189o).
End of Article: JOHN WALTER (3) (1818-1894)
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