Online Encyclopedia

JOLLY (from O. Fr. jolif; Fr. joli, t...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 495 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
JOLLY (from O. Fr. jolif; Fr. joli, the French word is obscure in origin; it may be from late Lat. gaudivus, from gaudere, to rejoice, the change of d to 1 being paralleled by cigada and cigale, or from O. Norse jol, Eng. " yule," the northern festival of midwinter), and adjective meaning gay, cheerful, jovial, high-spirited. The colloquial use of the term as an intensive adverb, meaning extremely, very, was in early usage quite literary; thus John Trapp (1601-1669), Commentaries on the New Testament, Matthew (1647), writes, " All was jolly quiet at Ephesus before St Paul came hither." In the royal navy " jolly " used as a substantive, is the slang name for a marine. To " jolly " is a slang synonym for " chaff." The word " jolly-boat," the name of a ship's small broad boat, usually clinker-built, is of doubtful etymology. It occurs in English in the iSth century, and is usually connected with Dan. or Swed. jolle, Dutch jol, a small ship's boat; these words are properly represented in English by " yawl " originally a ship's small boat, now chiefly used of a rig of sailing vessels, with a cutter-rigged foremast and a small mizzen stepped far aft, with a spanker sail (see RIGGING). A connexion has been suggested with a word of much earlier appearance in English, jolywat, or gellywatte. This occurs at the end of the 15th century and is used of a smaller type of ship's boat. This is supposed to be a corruption of the French galiote or Dutch galjoot, galliot (see GALLEY). The galliot was, however, a large vessel.
End of Article: JOLLY (from O. Fr. jolif; Fr. joli, the French word is obscure in origin; it may be from late Lat. gaudivus, from gaudere, to rejoice, the change of d to 1 being paralleled by cigada and cigale, or from O. Norse jol, Eng. " yule," the northern festival of
[back]
JOLIET
[next]
SIR HENRI GUSTAVE JOLY DE LOTBINIERE (1829-1908)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.