Online Encyclopedia

JOLLY (from O. Fr. jolif; Fr. joli, t...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 495 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOLLY (from O. Fr. jolif; Fr. joli, the French word is obscure in origin; it may be from
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late
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Lat. gaudivus, from gaudere, to rejoice, the change of d to 1 being paralleled by cigada and cigale, or from O. Norse jol, Eng. " yule," the
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northern festival of
  midwinter), and adjective meaning gay, cheerful, jovial, high-spirited . The colloquial use of the
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term as an intensive adverb, meaning extremely, very, was in early usage quite
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literary; thus John Trapp (1601-1669), Commentaries on the New Testament, Matthew (1647), writes, " All was jolly quiet at Ephesus before St Paul came hither." In the royal
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navy " jolly " used as a substantive, is the
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slang name for a marine . To " jolly " is a slang synonym for " chaff." The word " jolly-boat," the name of a
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ship's small broad boat, usually
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clinker-built, is of doubtful etymology . It occurs in
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English in the iSth century, and is usually connected with
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Dan. or Swed. jolle, Dutch jol, a small ship's boat; these words are properly represented in English by "
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yawl " originally a ship's small boat, now chiefly used of a rig of sailing vessels, with a cutter-rigged foremast and a small mizzen stepped far aft, with a spanker
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sail (see RIGGING) . A connexion has been suggested with a word of much earlier appearance in English, jolywat, or gellywatte . This occurs at the end of the 15th century and is used of a smaller type of ship's boat . This is supposed to be a corruption of the French galiote or Dutch galjoot, galliot (see GALLEY) . The galliot was, however, a large vessel .

End of Article: JOLLY (from O. Fr. jolif; Fr. joli, the French word is obscure in origin; it may be from late Lat. gaudivus, from gaudere, to rejoice, the change of d to 1 being paralleled by cigada and cigale, or from O. Norse jol, Eng. " yule," the northern festival of
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SIR HENRI GUSTAVE JOLY DE LOTBINIERE (1829-1908)

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