JONATHAN (Heb. " Yah [weh] gives ") . Of the many Jewish bearers of this name, three are well known: (I) the
See also:grandson of Moses, who was
See also:priest at
See also:Dan (Judg. xviii . 30) . The
See also:Manasseh (see R.V. mg.; obtained by inserting n above the consonantal text in the
See also:Hebrew) is apparently intended to suggest that he was the son of that idolatrous
See also:king . (2) The eldest son of
See also:Saul, who, together with his
See also:father, freed
See also:Israel from the crushing oppression of the
See also:Philistines (1 Sam. xiii. seq.) . Both are lauded in an
See also:elegy quoted from the
See also:Book of
See also:Jashar (2 Sam. i.) for their warm mutual love, their heroism, and their labours on behalf of the
See also:people . Jonathan's name is most
See also:familiar for the
See also:firm friendship which subsisted between him and
See also:David (r Sam. xviii . 1–4; xix . 1–7; xx., xxii . 8;
See also:xxiii . 16–18), and when he fell at the
See also:battle of Gilboa and
See also:left behind him a
See also:child (1 Sam. xxxi.; 2 Sam. iv . 4), David took
See also:charge of the youth and gave him a place at his
See also:court (2 Sam. ix.) .
See further DAVID, SAUL . (3) The Maccabee (seeJEWS; MACCABEES) .
VICTORIN JONCIERES (1839–1903)
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