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JOSEPH ALEXANDRE PIERRE

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Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 584 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOSEPH ALEXANDRE PIERRE, Vicomte de Segur (1756-1805), second son of the marshal, quitted the army at the outbreak of the Revolution to devote himself to literature. He edited the Memoires of Besenval in 1795 from the MS. which, originally in his possession, had been surreptitiously placed with the printer during Segur's imprisonment under the Terror. These were printed in 1804-1805. Between 1790 and "Soo he produced a number of pieces at the Comedie Francaise and the Opera Comique. He published in 1802 a selection from his works entitled Comedies, chansons et proverbes, and in 18or appeared Les Femmes, leurs mceurs . . . (3 vols.), which has often been reprinted, but is of doubtful authorship. OCTAVE-HENRI GABRIEL DE SEGUR (1778-1818), elder son of Louis Philippe de Segur, served in the later Napoleonic campaigns, and remained in the army under the Restoration. He threw himself into the Seine on the 15th of August ,818. The domestic unhappiness that led to his suicide is retailed by the comtesse de Boigne in her Memoires (vol. i., 1907). His elder son, EUGENE, comte de Segur, succeeded his grandfather in the peerage in 1830. He married Sophie Rostopchine (1799-1894), daughter of Count Feodor Rostopchine, governor of Moscow. The countess of Segur wrote some famous books for children, the most familiar of which are perhaps the Malheurs de Sophie and the Memoires d'un dne, and many tales in the Bibliotheque rose. Her letters to her daughter and son-in-law, the count and countess de Simard de Petray, were published in 1891, and those to her grandson in 1898.
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