See also:Roman emperor, was the elder son of the emperor
See also:Leopold I. and his third wife, Eleanora, countess palatine, daughter of
See also:William of
See also:Neuburg .
See also:Born in Vienna on the 26th of
See also:July 1678, he was educated strictly by
See also:Prince Dietrich
See also:Otto von Salm, and became a
See also:good linguist . In 1687 he received the
See also:crown of Hungary, and he was elected
See also:king of the Romans in 169o . In 1699 he married
See also:Wilhelmina Amalia, daughter of Duke
See also:Frederick of
See also:Luneburg, by whom he had two daughters . In 1702, on the outbreak of the War of the
See also:Spanish Succession, he saw his only military service . He joined the imperial general
See also:Louis of Baden in the
See also:siege of
See also:Landau . It is said that when he was advised not to go into a place of danger he replied that those who were afraid might retire . He succeeded his
See also:father as emperor in 1705, and it was his good
See also:fortune to govern the
See also:Austrian dominions, and to be
See also:head of the
See also:Empire during the years in which his trusted general Prince
See also:Eugene, either acting alone in Italy or with the duke of
See also:Marlborough in Germany and
See also:Flanders, was beating the armies of Louis XIV . During the whole of his reign Hungary was disturbed by the conflict with
See also:Francis Rack6czy II., who eventually took
See also:refuge in France . The emperor did not himself take the
See also:field against the rebels, but he is entitled to a large
See also:share of the
See also:credit for the restoration of his authority . He reversed many of the pedantically authoritative
See also:measures of his father, thus. placating all opponents who could be pacified, and he fought stoutly for what he believed to be his rights .
See also:Joseph showed himself very
See also:independent towards the
See also:pope, and hostile to the
See also:Jesuits, by whom his father had been much influenced . He had the tastes for
See also:art and
See also:music which were almost hereditary in his
See also:family, and was an active
See also:hunter . He began the attempts to settle the question of the Austrian
See also:inheritance by a pragmatic sanction, which were continued by his
See also:Charles VI . Joseph died in Vienna on the'I7th of
See also:April 1711, of small-pox . See F . Krones von Marchland, Grundriss der Oesterreichischen Geschichte (1882); F . Wagner, Historia Josephi Caesaris (1746); J . C . Herchenhahn, Geschichte der Regierung Kaiser Josephs I . (1786–1789) ; C.
See also:van Noorden, Europaische Geschichteim z8.Jahrhundert (187o–1882) .
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