See also:born at Jouy, near
See also:Versailles, on the 12th of
See also:September 1764 . At the age of eighteen he received a commission in the army, and sailed for South
See also:America in the
See also:company of the
See also:governor of
See also:Guiana . He returned almost immediately to France to
See also:complete his studies, and re-entered the service two years later . He was sent to India, where he met with many romantic adventures which were afterwards turned to
See also:literary account . On the outbreak of the Revolution he returned to France and served with distinction in the early
See also:campaigns, attaining the
See also:rank of adjutant-general . He drew suspicion on himself, however, by refusing to
See also:honour the
See also:toast of
See also:Marat, and had to fly for his
See also:life . At the fall of the Terror he resumed hiscommission but again fell under suspicion, being accused of treasonable
See also:correspondence with the
See also:Harris, 1st
See also:earl of
See also:Malmesbury who had been sent to France to negotiate terms of peace . He was acquitted of this
See also:charge, but, weary of repeated attacks, resigned his position on the pretext of his numerous wounds . Jouy now turned his
See also:attention to literature, and produced in 1807 with immense success his
See also:opera La vestale (
See also:music by Spontini) . The piece ran for a
See also:hundred nights, and was characterized by the Institute of France as the best lyric drama of the
See also:day . Other operas followed, but none obtained so
See also:great a success . He published in the
See also:Gazette de France a series of satirical sketches of Parisian life, collected under the title of L'Ermite de la Chaussee d'Antin, ou observations sur
See also:les mceurs et les usages
See also:francais au commencement du xixe siecle (1812-1814, 5 vols.), which was warmly received .
In 1821 his tragedy of Sylla gained a
See also:triumph due in
See also:part to the
See also:genius of
See also:Talma, who had studied the title-role from
See also:Napoleon . Under the Restoration Jouy consistently fought for the cause of freedom, and if his
See also:work was overrated by his contemporaries, they were probably influenced by their respect for the author himself . He died in rooms set apart for his use in the palace of St Germain-en-Laye on the 4th of September 1846 . Out of the long
See also:list of his operas, tragedies and
See also:miscellaneous writings may be mentioned, Fernand Cortez (1809), opera, in collaboration with J . E . Esmenard, music by Spontini; Tippo Saib, tragedy (1813); Belisaire, tragedy (1818); Les Hermites en prison (1823), written in collaboration with
See also:Antoine Jay, like himself a
See also:political prisoner; Guillaume Tell (1829), with Hippolyte Bis, for the music of Rossini . Jouy was also one of the founders of the Biographie nouvelle
See also:des contemporains .
JEAN JOUVENET (1647-1717)
JOVELLANOS (or JovE LLANOS), GASPAR MELCHOR DE (174...
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