See also:Roman Catholic
See also:Church, observed every twenty-fifth
See also:year, from
See also:Christmas to Christmas . During its continuance plenary indulgence is obtainable by all the faithful, on
See also:condition of their penitently confessing their sins and visiting certain churches a stated number of times, or doing an
See also:equivalent amount of meritorious
See also:work . The institution
See also:dates from the
See also:time of Boniface VIII., whose bull Antiquorum habet fideen is dated the 22nd of
See also:February 1300 . The circumstances in which it was promulgated are related by a contemporary authority, Jacobus Cajetanus, according to whose account (" Relatio de centesimo s. jubilaeo
See also:anno " in the Bibliotheca Patrum) a rumour spread through Rome at the close of 1299 that every one visiting St
See also:Peter's on the 1st of
See also:January 1300 would receive full absolution . The result was an enormous influx of pilgrims to Rome, which stirred the
See also:attention . Nothing was found in the archives, but an old
See also:peasant 107 years of age avowed that his
See also:father had been similarly benefited a century previously . The bull was then issued, and the pilgrims became even more numerous, to the profit of both
See also:clergy and citizens . Originally the churches of St Peter and St Paul in Rome were the only
See also:jubilee churches, but the
See also:privilege was afterwards extended to the Lateran Church and that of Sta Maria Maggiore, and it is now shared also for the year immediately following that of the Roman jubilee by a number of specified provincial churches . At the
See also:request of the Roman
See also:people, which was supported by St Bridget of Sweden and by
See also:Clement VI. in 1343 appointed, by the bull Unigenitus Dei filius, that the jubilee should recur every fifty years instead of every
See also:hundred years as had been originally contemplated in the constitution of Boniface; Urban VI., who was badly in need of
See also:money, by the bull Salvator
See also:poster in 1389 reduced the
See also:interval still further to
See also:thirty-three years (the supposed duration of the earthly
See also:life of Christ); and Paul II. by the bull Ineffabilis (
See also:April 19, 1470) finally fixed it at twenty-five years . Paul II. also permitted foreigners to substitute for the pilgrimage to Rome a visit to some specified church in their own
See also:country and a contribution towards the expenses of the
See also:Wars . According to the
See also:special ritual prepared by
See also:Alexander VI. in 1500, the pope on the Christmas
See also:Eve with which the jubilee begins goes in
See also:solemn procession to a particular walled-up
See also:door (" Porta aurea ") of St Peter's and knocks three times, using at the same time the words of Ps. cxviii . 19 (Aperite mihi Aortas justitiae) .
The doors are then opened and sprinkled with holy
See also:water, and the pope passes through . A similar ceremony is conducted by cardinals at the other jubilee churches of the city . At the close of the jubilee, the special doorway is again built up with appropriate solemnities . The last ordinary jubilee was observed in 1900 . " Extraordinary"
See also:jubilees are sometimes appointed on special occasions, e.g. the accession of a new pope, or that proclaimed by Pope
See also:Leo XIII. for the 12th of
See also:March 1881, " in
See also:order to obtain from the mercy of Almighty
See also:God help and succour in the weighty necessities of the Church, and comfort and strength in the
See also:battle against her numerous and mighty foes." These are not so much jubilees in the ordinary sense as special grants of plenary indulgences for particular purposes (Indulgentiae plenariae in forma jubilaei) .
JUBILEE (or JUBILE), YEAR OF
BOOK OF JUBILEES
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