JUSTINIAN IL , RITINoTMETUS (669-711),East
See also:Roman emperor 685-695 and 704-711, succeeded his
See also:Constantine IV., at the age of sixteen . His reign was unhappy both at home and abroad . After a successful invasion he made a truce with the
See also:Arabs, which admitted them to the joint possession of Armenia, Iberia and Cyprus, while by removing 12,000 Christian
See also:Maronites from their native
See also:Lebanon, he gave the Arabs a command over
See also:Asia Minor of which they took
See also:advantage in 692 by conquering all Armenia . In 688 Justinian decisively defeated the Bulgarians . Meanwhile the bitter dissensions caused in the
See also:Church by the emperor, his bloody persecution of the Manichaeans, and the rapacity with which, through his creatures Stephanus and Theodatus, he extorted the means of gratifying his sumptuous tastes and his
See also:mania for erecting costly buildings, drove his subjects into
See also:rebellion . In 695 they
See also:rose under
See also:Leontius, and, after cutting off the emperor's
See also:nose (whence his surname), banished him to Cherson in the
See also:Crimea . Leontius, after a reign of three years, was in turn dethroned and imprisoned by Tiberius Absimarus, who next assumed the
See also:purple . Justinian meanwhile had escaped from Cherson and married Theodora,
See also:sister of Busirus, khan of the
See also:Khazars . Compelled, however, by the intrigues of Tiberius, to quit his new home, he fled to Terbelis,
See also:king of the Bulgarians . With an army of 15,000 horsemen Justinian suddenly pounced upon Constantinople, slew his rivals Leontius and Tiberius, with thousands of their partisans, and once more ascended the
See also:throne in 704 . His second reign was marked by an unsuccessful war against Terbelis, by Arab victories in Asia Minor, by devastating expeditions sent against his own cities of Ravenna and Cherson, where he inflicted horrible punishment upon the disaffected nobles and refugees, and by the same cruel rapacity towards his subjects . Conspiracies again broke out: Bardanes, surnamed
See also:Philippicus, assumed the purple, and Justinian, the last of the
See also:house of
See also:Heraclius, was assassinated in Asia Minor,
See also:December 711 .
See E .Gibbon, Decline and Fall of the Roman
See also:Empire (ed . Bury, 1896), v . 179-183; J . B . Bury, The Later Roman Empire (1889), ii . 320—330, 358-367 .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.