Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 634 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GUSTAVE KAHN (1859- ), French poet, was born at Metz on the 21st of December 1859. He was educated in Paris at the Ecole des Chartes and the Ecole des langues orientales, and began to contribute to obscure Parisian reviews. After four years spent in Africa he returned to Paris in 1885, and founded in 1886 a weekly review, La Vogue, in which many of his early poems appeared. In the autumn of the same year he founded, with Jean Moreas and Paul Adam, a short-lived periodical, Le Symboliste, in which they preached the nebulous poetic doctrine of Stephane Mallarme; and in 1888 he became one of the editors of the Revue independante. He contributed poetry and criticism to the French and Belgian reviews favour-able to the extreme symbolists, and, with Catulle Mendes,he founded at the Odeon, the Theatre Antoine and the Theatre Sarah Bernhardt, matinees for the production of the plays of the younger poets. He claimed to be the earliest writer of the vers Libre, and explained his methods and the history of the movement in a preface to his Premiers poemes (1897). Later books are Le Livre d'images (1897); Les Fleurs de la passion (1900); some novels; and a valuable contribution to the history of modern French verse in Symbolistes et decadents (1902).
End of Article: GUSTAVE KAHN (1859- )

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