KAIN , the name of a sub-province and of a
See also:town of Khorasan,
See also:Persia . The sub-province extends about 300 M . N. to S., from Khaf to
See also:Seistan, and about 150 M . W. to E., from the hills of
See also:Tun to the Afghan frontier, comprising the whole of south-western Khorasan . It is very hilly, but contains many wide plains and fertile villages at a mean
See also:elevation of 4000 ft . It has a population of about 150,000, rears
See also:great numbers of camels and produces much
See also:saffron, wool,
See also:silk and opium . The chief manufactures are felts and other woollen fabrics, principally carpets, which have a
See also:world-wide reputation . The best Kaini carpets are made at . Darakhsh, a
See also:village in the Zirkuh
See also:district and 50 M . N.E. of
See also:Birjend . It is divided into eleven administrative divisions:
See also:Shahabad (with the capital Birjend), Naharjan, Alghur, Tabas sunni Khaneh, Zirkuh Shakhan, Kain, Nimbulak, Nehbandan, Khasi, Arab Khaneh or Momenabad . The town of Kain, the capital of the sub-province until 1740, when it was supplanted by Birjend, is situated 65 m .
N. of Birjend on the easternside of a broad valley, stretching from N. to S., at the
See also:base of the
See also:mountain Abuzar, in 33° 42' N. and 59° 8' E., and at an elevation of 4500 ft . Its population is barely 5o00 . It is surrounded by a mud
See also:wall and bastions, and near it, on a
See also:hill rising 5oo ft. above the plain, are the ruins of an
See also:castle which, together with the old town, was destroyed either by Shah Rukh (1404-1447), a son, or by Baysunkur (d . 1433), a
See also:grandson of Timur (Tamerlane), who afterwards built a new town . After a
See also:time the Uzbegs took possession and held the town until Shah Abbas I . (1587-1629) expelled them . In the 18th century it fell under the sway of the Afghans and remained a dependency of
See also:Herat until 1851 . A large number of windmills are at
See also:work outside the town . The great mosque, now in a ruinous state, was built A.H . 796 (A.D . 1394) by
See also:Karen b..Jamshid and repaired by Yusof Dowlatyar .
KAIRA, or KIIEDA
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