See also:born at
See also:Budapest on the 22nd of
See also:December 1839 . His
See also:family derived their name from their estates at Nagy Kallo, in Szabolcs, and claimed descent from the Balogh Semjen tribe, which colonized the counties of Borsod, Szabolcs, and Szatmar, at the cldse of the 9th century, when the
See also:Magyars conquered Hungary . They played a prominent
See also:part in Hungarian
See also:history as early as the reign of Koloman (1095—1114); and from
See also:King Matthias
See also:Corvinus (1458—1490) they received their estates at Mezo Tur, near Kecskemet, granted to Michael
See also:Kallay for his heroic defence of
See also:Jajce in Bosnia, and still held by his descendants . The
See also:father of Benjamin von Kallay, a
See also:superior official of the Hungarian
See also:Government, died in 1845, and his widow, who survived until 1903, devoted herself to the
See also:education of her son . At an early age Kallay manifested a deep
See also:interest in politics, and especially in the Eastern Question . He travelled in Russia,
See also:Turkey and
See also:Asia Minor, gaining a thorough knowledge of Greek,
See also:Turkish and several
See also:languages . He became as proficient in Servian as in his native
See also:tongue . In 1867 he entered the Hungarian
See also:Diet as Conservative
See also:deputy for Muhlbach (Szasy-Szebes); in 1869 he was appointed
See also:consul-general at Belgrade; and in 1872 he visited Bosnia for the first
See also:time . His views on
See also:Balkan questions strongly influenced Count Andrassy, the Austro-Hungarian
See also:minister for
See also:foreign affairs . Leaving Belgrade in 1875, he resumed his seat in the Diet, and shortly afterwards founded the journal Kelel Nepe, or Eastern Folk, in which he defended the vigorous policy of Andrassy . After the Russo-Turkish War of 1878 he went to Philippopolis as Austro-Hungarian
See also:envoy extraordinary on the
See also:International Eastern Rumelian Commission . In 1879 he became second, and soon afterwards first, departmental chief at the foreign
See also:office in Vienna .
On the 4th of
See also:June 1882 he was appointed Imperial minister of
See also:finance and
See also:administrator of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the distinction with which he filled this office, for a
See also:period of 21 years, is his chief title of fame (see Bosxra AND HERZEGOVINA) . Kallay was an honorary member of the Budapest and Vienna
See also:academies of science, and attained some
See also:eminence as a writer . He translated J . S .
See also:Mill's Liberty into Hungarian, adding an
See also:introductory critique; while his version of Galatea, a
See also:play by the Greek dramatist S . N . Basiliades (1843—1874), proved successful on the Hungarian stage . His monographs on Servian history (Geschichte der Serben) and on the
See also:Oriental ambition of Russia (Die Orienlpolilik Russlands) were translated into German by J . H . Schwicker, and published at
See also:Leipzig in 1878 . But, in his own opinion, his masterpiece was an
See also:academic oration on the
See also:political and
See also:geographical position of Hungary as a
See also:link between East and West . In 1873 Kallay married the countess Vilma
See also:Bethlen, who
See also:bore him two daughters and a son .
His popularity in Bosnia was partly due to the tact and
See also:personal charm of his wife . He died on the 13th of
See also:July 1903 .
FRIEDRICH WILHELM KALKBRENNER (1784-1849)
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