KAMENETS PODOLSKIY, or PODOLIAN KAMENETS (
See also:town of S.-W . Russia, chief town of the
See also:government of
See also:Podolia . It stands in 48° 40' N. and 26° 30' E., on a high, rocky
See also:bluff of the
See also:river Smotrich, a
See also:left .
See also:hand tributary of the
See also:Dniester, and near the
See also:Austrian frontier . Pop . (1863), 20,699; (1900) 39,113, of whom 50% were Jews and 30% Poles .
See also:Round the town lies a cluster of suburban villages,
See also:Polish Folwark,
See also:Russian Folwark, Zinkovtsui, Karvasarui, &c.; and on the opposite side of the river, accessible by a wooden
See also:bridge, stands the
See also:castle which long frowned
See also:defiance across the Dniester to Khotin in
See also:Bessarabia . Kamenets is the see of a
See also:Roman Catholic and a Greek Orthodox
See also:bishop . The Roman Catholic
See also:cathedral of St
See also:Peter and St Paul, built in 1361, is distinguished by a
See also:minaret, recalling the
See also:time when it was used as a mosque by the
See also:Turks (r672-1699) . The Greek cathedral of
See also:John the Baptist
See also:dates from the 16th century, but up to 1798 belonged to the Basilian monastery . Other buildings are the Orthodox Greek monastery of the Trinity, and the Catholic Armenian
See also:church (founded in 1398), possessing a 14th-century
See also:missal and an image of the Virgin Mary that saw the Mongol invasion of 1239 1242 . The town contains Orthodox Greek and Roman Catholic seminaries, Jewish colleges, and an archaeological museum for church antiquities, founded in 189o . Kamenets was laid waste by the Mongol
See also:Batu in 1240 .
In 1434 it was made the chief town of theprovince of Podolia . In the 15th and 16th centuries it suffered frequently from the invasions of Tatars, Moldavians and Turks; and in 1672 the
See also:hetman of the Cossacks, Doroshenko, assisted by Sultan Mahommed IV. of
See also:Turkey, made himself
See also:master of the place . Restored to Poland by the peace of Karlowitz (1699), it passed with Podolia to Russia in 1795 . Here the Turks were defeated by the Poles in 1633, and here twenty years later peace was concluded between the same antagonists . The fortifications were demolished in 1813 .
KAME (a form of Scandinavian comb, hill)
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