KARA MUSTAFA (d. 1683) ,
See also:vizier, surnamed " Merzifunli," was a son of Uruj Bey, a notable Sipahi of Merzifun (Marsovan), and
See also:law to Ahmed
See also:Kuprili, whom he succeeded as
See also:grand vizier in 1676, after having for some years held the
See also:office of Kaimmakam or locum tenens . His greed and ostentation were equalled by his incapacity, and he behaved with characteristic insolence to the
See also:foreign ambassadors, from whom he extorted large bribes . After conducting a
See also:campaign in Poland which terminated unfortunately, he gave a ready response to the
See also:appeal for aid made by the Hungarians under Imre Thokoly (q.v.) when they
See also:rose against
See also:Austria, his hope being to
See also:form out of the
See also:Habsburg dominions a Mussulman
See also:empire of the West, of which he should be the sultan . The plan was foiled-in
See also:part by his own lack of military skill, but chiefly through the heroic resistance of Vienna and its timely
See also:relief by
See also:John Sobieski,
See also:king of Poland . Kara Mustafa paid for his defeat with his
See also:life; he was beheaded at Belgrade in 1683 and his
See also:head was brought to the sultan on a
See also:silver dish . Another KARA MUSTAFA
See also:PASHA (d . 1643), who figures in Turkish
See also:history, was by
See also:birth a Hungarian, who was enrolled in the Janissaries, rose to be Kapudan Pasha under
See also:Murad IV., and after the capture of
See also:Bagdad was made grand vizier . He was severe, but just and impartial, and strove to effect necessary reforms by reducing the numbers of the Janissaries, improving the coinage, and checking the state
See also:expenditure . But the discontent of the Janissaries led to his dismissal and
See also:death in 1643 .
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