KARNAL , a
See also:town and
See also:district of
See also:British India, in the
See also:Delhi division of the
See also:Punjab . The town is 7 M. from the right
See also:bank of the
See also:Jumna, with a railway station 76 m . N. of Delhi . Pop . (1901), 23,559 . There are manufactures of
See also:cloth and boots, besides considerable
See also:trade and an
See also:fair . The DISTRICT OF KARNAL stretches along the right bank of the Jumna,
See also:north of Delhi . It is entirely an alluvial plain, but is crossed by the low uplift of the
See also:watershed between the
See also:Indian Ocean and the
See also:Bay of Bengal .
See also:Area, 3153 sq. m.; pop . (1901), 883,225, showing an increase of nearly 3 % in the
See also:decade . The
See also:principal crops are millets, wheat,
See also:rice, cotton and
See also:cane . There are several factories for ginning and pressing cotton .
The district is traversed by the Delhi-
See also:Umballa-Kalka railway, and also by the Western Jumna canal . It suffered from
See also:famine in 1896-1897, and again to some extent in 1899-1900 . No district of India can boast of a more
See also:history than Karnal, as almost every town or stream is connected with the legends of the Mahabharata . The town of Karnal itself is said to owe its foundation to
See also:Raja Karna, the mythical
See also:champion of the Kauravas in the
See also:great war which forms the theme of the
See also:national epic .
See also:Panipat, in the south of the district, is said to have been one of the pledges demanded from Duryodhana by Yudisthira as the price of peace in that famous conflict . In
See also:historical times the plains of Panipat have three times proved the theatre of battles which decided the
See also:fate of Upper India . It was here that
See also:Lodi and his vast
See also:host were defeated in 1526 by the
See also:veteran army of
See also:Baber; in 1556
See also:Akbar reasserted the claims of his
See also:family on the same battlefield against the
See also:Hindu general of the
See also:house of Adil Shah, which had driven the heirs of Baber from the
See also:throne for a brief
See also:interval; and at Panipat too, on the 7th of
See also:January 1761, the Ibfahratta
See also:confederation was defeated by Ahmad Shah
See also:Durani . During the troublous
See also:period which then ensued the Sikhs managed to introduce them-selves, and in 1767 one of their chieftains, Desu Singh, appropriated the fort of
See also:Kaithal, which had been built during the reign of Akbar . His descendants, the bhais of Kaithal, were reckoned amongst the most important Cis-
See also:Sutlej princes . Different portions of this district have lapsed from
See also:time to time into the hands of the British .
COUNT ALOYS KAROLYI (1825-1889)
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