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JEAN BAPTISTE ALPHONSE KARR (1808-1890)

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Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 682 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JEAN BAPTISTE ALPHONSE KARR (1808-1890), French critic and novelist, was born in Paris, on the 24th of November x8o8, and after being educated at the College Bourbon, became a teacher there. In 1832 he published a novel, Sous les tilleuls, characterized by an attractive originality and a delightful ' freshness of personal sentiment. A second novel, Une heure trop' lard, followed next year, and was succeeded by many other popular works. His Vendredi soir (1835) and Le Chemin le plus court (1836) continued the vein of autobiographical romance with which he had made his first success. Genevieve (1838) is one of his best stories, and his Voyage autour de mon jardin (1845) was deservedly popular. Others were Feu Bressier (1848), and Fort en theme (1853), which had some influence in stimulating educational reform. In 1839 Alphonse Karr, who was essentially a brilliant journalist, became editor of Le Figaro, to which he had been a constant contributor;• and he also started a monthly journal, Les Grapes, of a keenly satirical tone, a publication which brought him the reputation of a somewhat bitter wit. His epigrams were frequently quoted; e.g. " plus 9a change, plus c'est la meme chose," and, on the proposal to abolish capital punishment, je veux bien que messieurs les assassins commencent." In 1848 he founded Le Journal. In 1855 he went to live at Nice, where he indulged his predilections for floriculture, and gave his name to more than one new variety. Indeed he practically founded the trade in cut flowers on the Riviera. He was also devoted to fishing, and in Les Soirees de Sainte-Adresse (1853) and Au bord de la mer (186o) he made use of his experiences. His reminiscences, Livre de bord, were published in 1879-1880. He died at St Raphael (Var), on'the 29th of September 189o.
End of Article: JEAN BAPTISTE ALPHONSE KARR (1808-1890)
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