KASBEK (Georgian, Mkin-vari; Ossetian, Urs-khokh) , one of thechief summits of the
See also:Caucasus, situated in 42° 42' N. and 44 30' E., 7 M. as the crow flies from a station of the same name on the high road to
See also:Tiflis . Its altitude is 16,545 ft . It rises on the range which runs
See also:north of the
See also:main range (main
See also:water-parting), and which is pierced by the gorges of the Ardon and the
See also:Terek . It represents an
See also:volcano, built up of
See also:trachyte and sheathed with
See also:lava, and has the shape of a
See also:cone, whose
See also:base lies at an altitude of 5800 ft . Owing to the steepness of its slopes, its eight glaciers cover an aggregate
See also:surface of not more than 8 sq. m., though one of them, Maliev, is 36 m. long . The best-known glacier is the Dyevdorak, or Devdorak, which creeps down the north-eastern slope into a
See also:gorge of the same name, reaching a level of 7530 ft . At its eastern
See also:foot runs the Georgian military road through the pass of
See also:Darial (7805 ft.) . The
See also:summit was first climbed in 1868 by D . W . Freshfield, A . W .
See also:Moore, and C .
Tucker, with a Swiss
See also:guide . Several successful ascents have been made since, the most valuable in scientific results being that of Pastukhov (1889) and that of G . Merzbacher and L . Purtscheller in 1890 . Kasbek has a
See also:great literature, and has
See also:left a deep mark in
See also:poetry . See D . W . Freshfield in Proc . Geog .
See also:Soc . (
See also:November 1888) and The Exploration of the Caucasus (2nd ed., 2 vois., 1902) ; Hatisian's " Kazbek Glaciers " in Izvestia Russ . Geog .
Soc . (
See also:xxiv., 1888); Pastukhov in Izvestia of the Caucasus Branch of Russ . Geog . Soc . (x . 1, 1891, with large-scale map) .
KASAI, or CASSAI
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