KASHUBES (sing. Kaszub, plur. Kaszebe) , a
See also:people numbering about 200,000, and living on the
See also:borders of West Prussia and
See also:Pomerania, along the Baltic
See also:coast between
See also:Danzig and Lake
See also:Garden, and inland as far as
See also:Konitz . They have no literature and no
See also:history, as they consist of peasants and
See also:fisher-men, the educated classes being mostly Germans or Poles . Their language has been held to be but a dialect of
See also:Polish, but it seems better to
See also:separate it, as in some points it is quite
See also:independent, in some it offers a resemblance to the language of the
See also:Polabs (q.v.) . This is most seen in the western dialect of the so-called Slovinci (of whom there are about 250
See also:left) and Kabatki, whereas the eastern Kashube is more like Polish, which is encroaching upon and assimilating it . Lorentz calls the western dialect a language, and distinguishes 38 vowels . The chief points of Kashube as against Polish are that all its vowels can be nasal instead of a and e only, that it has preserved quantity and a
See also:accent, has
See also:developed several
See also:special vowels, e. g. o, iv, u, and has preserved the
See also:order, e.g.
See also:gard as against grod . The consonants are very like Polish .
KASHMIRI (properly Kdimiri)
"No literature"!!!???? "no history" !!!!???? Whoever wrote this should refer to "Historia Kaszubów" Gerard Labuda. Professor Labuda died before he finished his work and only volume 1 on Middle Ages is available (MIDDLE AGES - that should give you an idea how old their history is) but there are plenty of other sources. Any history of the Pomeranian region would include Kashubian history. And literature - For centuries the Kashubian language has survived between two dominant languages, German and Polish. Never studied at schools, pushed into the status of 'second rate' language, spoken at home only by supposedly uneducated people, it has survived in the oral form, creating a rich output of legends, tales, and beliefs (I recommend here looking through seven volumes of Bernard Sychta's dictionary). True, it has been only in the last hundred fifty years that literature in the written form developed. But it did develop and I refer here to the works of Hieronim Derdowski, Aleksander Majkowski, Jan Karnowski, Leon Heyke, Franciszek Sędzicki, Anna Łajming, Jan Drzeżdżon, to name just a few.
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