KATAGUM , the sub-province of the
See also:double province of
See also:Kano in the
See also:protectorate of
See also:Nigeria . It lies approximately between r° and 13° N. and 8° 20' and ro° 40' E . It is bounded N. by the French Sudan, E. by
See also:Bornu, S. by
See also:Bauchi, and W. by Kano . Katagum consists of several small but
See also:Mahommedan emirates—Katagum, Messau, Gummel, Hadeija, Machena, with a fringe of Bedde pagans on its eastern frontier towards Bornu, and other pagans on the south towards Bauchi . The Waube flows from Kano through the province via Hadeija and by Damjiri in Bornu to Lake Chad, affording a route for the transport of goods brought by the Zungeru-
See also:Zaria-Kano railway to the headquarters of Katagum and western Bornu . Katagum is a fertile province inhabited by an industrious
See also:people whose manufactures
See also:rival those of Kano . In ancient times the province of Katagum formed the debate-able
See also:country between Bornu and the
See also:Hausa states . Though Mahommedan it resisted the
See also:Fula invasion . Its northern emirates were for a long
See also:time subject to Bornu, and its customs are nearly assimilated to those of Bornu . The province was taken under administrative
See also:control by the British in
See also:October 1903 . In 1904 the capitals of Gummel, Hadeija, Messau and Jemaari, were brought into
See also:touch with the administration and native and provincial courts established . At the beginning of 1905 Katagum was incorporated as a sub-province with the province of Kano, and the administrative organization of a double province was extended over the whole .
Hadeija, which is a very wealthy
See also:town and holds an important position both as a source of supplies and a centre of
See also:trade, received a garrison of mounted
See also:infantry and became the capital of the sub-province . Hadeija was an old Habe town and its name, an evident corruption of Khadija, the name of the celebrated wife and first convert of Mahomet, is a strong presumption of the incorrectness of the Fula claim to have introduced
See also:Islam to its inhabitants . The ruling
See also:dynasty of Hadeija was, however, overthrown by Fula usurpation towards the end of the 18th century, and the Fula ruler received a
See also:flag and a blessing from
See also:Dan Fodio at the beginning of his sacred war in the opening years of the 19th century . Nevertheless the
See also:habit of independence being strong in the town of Hadeija the little emirate held its own against
See also:Sokoto, Bornu and all comers . Though included nominally within the province at Katagum it was the boast of Hadeija that it had never been conquered . It had made nominal submission to the British in 1903 on the successful conclusion of the Kano-Sokoto
See also:campaign, and in 1905, as has been stated, was chosen as the capital of the sub-province . The emir's attitude became, however, in the
See also:spring of 1906 openly antagonistic to the British and a military expedition was sent against him . The emir with his disaffected chiefs made a plucky stand but after five
See also:hours' street fighting the town was reduced . The emir and three of his sons were killed, and a new emir, the rightful
See also:heir to the
See also:throne, who had shown himself in favour of a peaceful policy, was appointed . The offices of the war chiefs in Hadeija were abolished and 150 yards of the town
See also:wall were broken down . Slave dealing is at an end in Katagum . The military station at Hadeija forms a
See also:link in the chain of British forts which extends along the northern frontier of the protectorate .
(See NIGERIA.) (F . L .
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