See also:Russian journalist, was
See also:born in Moscow in 1818 . On
See also:finishing his course at the university he devoted himself to literature and philosophy, and showed so little individuality that during the reign of
See also:Nicholas I. he never once came into disagreeable contact with the authorities . With the Liberal reaction and strong reform
See also:movement which characterized the earlier years of
See also:Alexander II.'s reign (1855-1881) he thoroughly sympathized, and for some
See also:time he warmly advocated the introduction of liberal institutions of the
See also:British type, but when he perceived that the agitation was assuming a Socialistic and Nihilist tinge, and that in some quarters of the Liberal
See also:camp indulgence was being shown to
See also:national aspirations, he gradually modified his attitude until he came to be regarded by the Liberals as a renegade . At the beginning of 1863 he assumed the management and editorship of the Moscow
See also:Gazette, and he retained that position till his
See also:death in 1887 . During these twenty-four years he exercised considerable influence on public opinion and even on the
See also:Government, by representing with
See also:great ability the moderately Conservative spirit of Moscow in opposition to the occasionally ultra-Liberal and always cosmopolitan spirit of St
See also:Petersburg . With the Slavophils he agreed in advocating the extension of Russian influence in south-eastern
See also:Europe, but he carefully kept aloof from them and condemned their archaeological and ecclesiastical sentimentality . Though generally temperate in his views, he was extremely incisive and often violent in his modes of expressing them, so that he made many enemies and sometimes incurred the displeasure of the
See also:press-censure and the ministers, against which he was more than once protected by Alexander III. in
See also:consideration of his able advocacy of national interests . He is remembered chiefly as an energetic opponent of Polish national aspirations, of extreme Liberalism, of the
See also:system of public instruction based on natural science, and of German
See also:political influence . In this last capacity he helped to prepare the way for the Franco-Russian
See also:alliance .
KATHIAWAR, or KATTYWAR
KATMANDU (less correctly KHATMMANDU)
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