See also:agent in the regeneration of the Magyar language and literature at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century, was
See also:born on the 27th of
See also:October 1759, at Er-Semlyen, in the
See also:county of Bihar, Hungary . He studied
See also:law at Kassa and Eperies, and in Pest, where he also obtained a thorough knowledge of French and German literature, and made the acquaintance of Gideon Raday, who allowed him the use of his library . In 1784
See also:Kazinczy became subnotary for the county of Abaf1j; and in 1786 he was nominated inspector of
See also:schools at Kassa . There he began to devote himself to the restoration of the Magyar language and literature by
See also:translations from classical
See also:works, and by the
See also:augmentation of the native vocabulary from
See also:ancient Magyar
See also:sources . In 1788, with the assistance of Bar6ti Szabo and
See also:Bacsanyi, he started at Kassa the first Magyar
See also:magazine, Magyar Muzeum; the
See also:Orpheus, which succeeded it in 1790, was his own creation . Although, upon the accession of
See also:Leopold II., Kazinczy, as a non-Catholic, was obliged to resign his
See also:post at Kassa, his literary activity in no way decreased . He not only assisted Gideon Raday in the
See also:establishment and direction of the first Magyar dramatic society, but enriched the repertoire with several translations from foreign authors . His
See also:Hamlet, which first appeared at Kassa in 1790, is a rendering from the German version of Schroder . Implicated in the democratic
See also:conspiracy of the
See also:abbot Martinovics, Kazinczy was arrested on the 14th of
See also:December 1794, and condemned to
See also:death; but the
See also:sentence was commuted to imprisonment . He was released in 1801, and shortly afterwards married
See also:Sophia Torok, daughter of his former
See also:patron, and retired to his small
See also:estate at Szephalom or " Fairhill," near Sctor-Ujhely, in the county of Zemplen . In 1828 he took an active
See also:part in the conferences held for the establishment of the Hungarian academy in the
See also:historical section of which he became the first corresponding member . He died of
See also:Asiatic cholera, at Szephalom, on the 22nd of
See also:August 1831 .
Kazinczy, although possessing
See also:great beauty of
See also:style, cannot be regarded as a powerful and
See also:original thinker; his fame is chiefly due to the felicity of his translations from the masterpieces of Lessing, Goethe, Wieland, Klopstock,
See also:Ossian, La Rochefoucauld,
See also:Shakespeare, Sterne,
See also:Cicero, Sallust,
See also:Anacreon, and many others . He also edited the works of Baroczy (Pest, 1812, 8 vols.) and of the poet Zrinyi (1817, 2 vols.), and the poems of Dayka (1813, 3 vols.) and of John Kis, (1815, 3 vols.) . A collective edition of his works (Szep Literatura), consisting for the most part of translations, was published at Pest, 1814-1816, in 9 vols . His original productions (Eredeti Mukdi), largely made up of letters, were edited by
See also:Bajza and
See also:Francis Toldy at Pest, 1836-1845, in 5 vols .
See also:Editions of his poems appeared in 1858 and in 1863 .
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