KAZVIN , aprovince and
See also:town of
See also:Persia . The province is situated N.W. of Teheran and S. of
See also:Gilan . On the W. it is bounded by
See also:Khamseh . It pays a yearly revenue of about k22,000, and contains many
See also:rich villages which produce much
See also:grain and fruit,
See also:great quantities of the latter being dried and exported . Kazvin, the capital of the province, is situated at an
See also:elevation of 4165 ft., in 36° 15' N. and 50° E., and 92 M. by road from Teheran . The city is said to have been founded in the 4th century by the
See also:king Shapur II (309–379) . It has been repeatedly damaged by earthquakes . Many of its streets and most of the magnificent buildings seen there by Chardin in 1674 and other travellers during the 17th century are in ruins . The most remarkable remains are the palace of the Safawid shahs and the mosque with its large blue dome . In the 16th century Shah Tahmasp I . (1524–1576) made Kazvin his capital, and it remained so till Shah Abbas I . (1587–1629) transferred the seat of
See also:government to
See also:Isfahan .
The town still bears thetitle
See also:Dar es Salteneh, " the seat of government." Kazvin has many
See also:baths and cisterns fed by underground canals . The
See also:system of irrigation formerly carried on by these canals rendered the plain of Kazvin one of the most fertile regions in Persia; now most of the canals are choked up . The city has a population of about 50,000 and a thriving transit
See also:trade, particularly since 2899 when the
See also:carriage road between
See also:Resht and Teheran with Kazvin as a
See also:half-way stage was opened under the auspices of the
See also:Enzeli-Teheran Road
See also:Company." Great quantities of
See also:rice, XV . 23fish and
See also:silk are brought to it from Gilan for distribution in Persia and export to
See also:Turkey .
FERENCZ KAZINCZY (1759-1831)
EDMUND KEAN (1787–1833)
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