See also:admiral, was
See also:born at
See also:Westminster in 1718 . His
See also:father, a Swede, is said to have been in the service of
See also:James II., and subsequently to have entered the British army .
See also:Kempenfelt went into the
See also:navy, and saw his first service in the West Indies, taking
See also:part in the capture of Portobello . In 1746 he returned to England, and from that date to 1780, when he was made rear-admiral, saw active service in the East Indies with
See also:Pocock and in various quarters of the
See also:world . In 1781 he gained, with a vastly inferior force, a brilliant victory, fifty leagues south-west of
See also:Ushant, over the French
See also:fleet under De Guichen, capturing twenty prizes . In 1782 he hoisted his
See also:flag on the " Royal George," which formed part of the fleet under
See also:Howe . In
See also:August this fleet was ordered to refit at top
See also:speed at Portsmouth, and proceed to the
See also:relief of
See also:Gibraltar . A leak having been located below the waterline of the " Royal George," the vessel was careened to allow of the defect being repaired . According to the version of the disaster favoured by the
See also:Admiralty, she was over-turned by a
See also:breeze . But the general opinion of the navy was that the shifting of her weights was more than the old and rotten timbers of the " Royal George " could stand . A large piece of her bottom fell out, and she went down at once . It is estimated that not fewer than 800 persons went down with her, for besides the
See also:crew there were a large number of tradesmen,
See also:women and
See also:children on
See also:board .
Kempenfelt, who was in his
See also:cabin, perished with the
See also:rest . Cowper's poem, the " Loss of the Royal George," commemorates this disaster . Kempenfelt effected
See also:radical alterations and improvements in the signalling
See also:system then existing in the British navy . A
See also:painting of the loss of the " Royal George " is in the Royal
See also:United Service Institution,
See also:London . See Charnock's Biog .
See also:Nay., vi . 246, and Ralfe's
See also:Biographies, i . 215 .
SIR JAMES KEMPT (1764-1854)
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