See also:port of entry, and the
See also:county-seat of Monroe county,
See also:Florida, U.S.A., situated on a small
See also:island (41m. long and about r m. wide) of the same name, 6o m . S . W. of Cape
See also:Sable, the most southerly point of the mainland . It is connected by lines of steamers with
See also:Miami and Port
See also:Tampa, with
See also:Texas, with
See also:Alabama, with
See also:Philadelphia and New
See also:York City, and with West
See also:Indian ports, and by
See also:schooner lines with New York City, the
See also:Honduras, &c . There is now an extension of the Florida East
See also:Coast railway from Miami to
See also:Key West (155 M.) . Pop . (1880), 9890; (1890), 18,080; (1900), 17,114, of whom 7266 were
See also:born and 5562 were negroes; (1910
See also:census), 19,945 . The island is notable for its tropical vegetation and
See also:climate . The
See also:cork and coco-
See also:nut palm are among the trees . The oleander grows here to be a
See also:tree, and there is a
See also:banyan tree, said to be the only one growing out of doors in the
See also:United States . There are many
See also:species of
See also:plants in Key West not found elsewhere in
See also:America . The mean
See also:annual temperature is 76° F., and the mean of the hottest months is 82.2° F.; that of the coldest months is 69° F.; thus the mean range of temperature is only 13° .
The precipitation is 35 in.; most of the
See also:rain falls in the "
See also:season" from May to
See also:November, and is preserved in cisterns by the in-habitants as the only supply of drinking
See also:water . The number of cloudy days per annum averages 6o . The city occupies the highest portion of the island . The
See also:harbour accommodates vessels
See also:drawing 27 ft.; vessels of 27-30 ft. draft can enter by either the "
See also:Ship " channel or the south-west channel; the south-east channel admits vessels of 25 ft. draft or less; and four other channels may be used by vessels of 15-19 ft. draft . The harbour is defended by Fort
See also:Taylor, built on the island of Key West in 1846, and greatly improved and modernized after the
See also:American War of 1898 . Among the buildings are the United States
See also:house, the city
See also:hall, a convent, and a public library . In 1869 the insignificant population of Key West was greatly increased by Cubans who
See also:left their native island after an attempt at revolution; they engaged in the manufacture of
See also:tobacco, and Key West cigars were soon widely known . Towards the close of the 19th century this
See also:industry suffered from labour troubles, from the competition of Tampa, Florida, and from the commercial improvement of
See also:Cuba; but soon after 1900 the tobacco business of Key West began to recover . Immigrants from the Bahama Islands
See also:form another important
See also:element in the population . They are known as " Conchs," and engage in sponge fishing . In 1905 the value of factory products was $4,254,024 (an increase of 37'7% over the value in 'goo); the exports 1907 were valued at $852,457; the imports were valued at $994,472, the excess over the exports being due to the fact that the
See also:food supply of the city is derived from other Florida ports and from the West Indies . According to tradition the native Indian tribes of Key West, XV .
25after being almost annihilated by the Caloosas, fled to Cuba . There are
See also:relics of early
See also:European occupation of the island which suggest that it was once the resort of pirates . The city was settled about 1822 . The
See also:Seminole War and the war of the United States with Mexico gave it some military importance . In 1861 Confederate forces attempted to seize Fort Taylor, but they were successfully resisted by General
See also:William H . French .
KEY (the phraseograms being indicated by hyphens)
SIR ASTLEY COOPER KEY (1821-1888)
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