See also:Turkish statesman, was of Circassian
See also:race, but nothing is known about his
See also:birth and parentage . In early boyhood he was in the hands of a Tunisian slave-dealer, by whom he was sold to Hamuda
See also:Pasha, then bey of
See also:Tunis, who gave him his freedom and a French
See also:education . When Khaireddin
See also:left school the bey made him steward of his estates, and from this position he
See also:rose to be
See also:minister of
See also:finance . When the
See also:prime minister, Mahmud
See also:ben Ayad, absconded to France with the treasure-chest of the beylic, Hamuda despatched Khaireddin to obtain the extradition of the fugitive . The
See also:mission failed; but the six years it occupied enabled Khaireddin to make himself widely known in France, to become acquainted with French
See also:political ideas and administrative methods, and, on his return to
See also:Tunisia, to render himself more than ever useful to his
See also:government . Hamuda died while Khaireddin was in France, but he was highly appreciated by the three beys—Ahmet (1837), Mohammed (1855), and Sadok (1859)—who in turn followed Hamuda, and to his influence was due the sequence of liberal
See also:measures which distinguished their successive reigns . Khaireddin also secured for the reigning
See also:family the confirmation from the sultan of
See also:Turkey of their right of succession to the beylic . But although Khaireddin's protracted residence in France had imbued him with liberal ideas, it had not made him a French
See also:partisan, and he strenuously opposed the French
See also:scheme of establishing a
See also:protectorate over Tunisia upon which France embarked in the early 'seventies . This rendered him obnoxious to Sadok's prime minister—an apostate
See also:Jew named Mustapha ben Ismael—who succeeded in completely undermining the bey's confidence in him . . His position thus became untenable in Tunisia, and shortly after the accession of Abdul Hamid he acquainted the sultan with his
See also:desire to enter the Turkish service . In 1877 the sultan bade him come to Constantinople, and on his arrival gave him a seat on the Reform Commission then sitting at Tophane . Early in 1879 the sultan appointed him
See also:vizier, and shortly afterwards'he prepared a scheme of constitutional government, but Abdul Hamid refused to have anything to do with it .
Thereupon Khaireddin resigned
See also:office, on the 28th of
See also:July 1879 . More than once the sultan offered him anew the grand vizierate, but Khaireddin persistently refused it, and thus incurred disfavour . He died on the 3oth of
See also:January 1890, practically a prisoner in his own
See also:house .
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