Online Encyclopedia

KHAIRPUR, or KHYRPOOR

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 770 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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KHAIRPUR, or KHYRPOOR, a native state of India, in the Sind province of Bombay. Area, 605o sq. m.; pop. (z9ox), II 199,313, showing an apparent increase of 55 % in the decade; estimated revenue, £90,000. Like other parts of Sind, Khairpur consists of a great alluvial plain, very rich and fertile in the neighbourhood of the Indus and the irrigation canals, the remaining area being a continuous series of sand-hill ridges covered with a stunted brushwood, where cultivation is altogether impossible. A small ridge of limestone hills passes through the northern part of the state, being a continuation of a ridge known as the Ghar, running southwards from Rohri. The state is watered by five canals drawn off from the Indus, besides the Eastern Nara, a canal which follows an old bed of the Indus. In the desert tracts are pits of natron.
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