India, inhabiting the tributary states of
See also:Orissa and the
See also:district of
See also:Madras . At the
See also:census of 1901 they numbered 701,198 . Their
See also:main divisions are into Kutia or
See also:Khonds and plain-dwelling Khonds; the landowners are known as Raj Khonds . Their religion is animistic, and their
See also:pantheon includes eighty-four gods . They have given their name to the Khondmals, a sub-division of Angul district in Orissa:
See also:area, 800 sq. m.; pop . (1901), 64,214 . The Khond language, Kui, spoken in 1901 by more than
See also:half a million persons, is much more closely related to
See also:Telugu than is Gondi . The Khonds are a finer type than the Gonds . They are as tall as the
See also:Hindu and not much darker, while in features they are very
See also:Aryan . They are undoubtedly a mixed
See also:race, with much Aryan
See also:blood . The Khonds became notorious, on the
See also:British occupation of their district about 1835, from the prevalence and cruelty of the human sacrifices they practised . These " Meriah " sacrifices, as they were called, were intended to further the fertilization of the
See also:earth .
It wasincumbent on the Khonds to
See also:purchase their victims . Unless bought with a price they were not deemed acceptable . They seldom sacrificed Khonds, though in hard times Khonds were obliged to sell their
See also:children and they could then be
See also:purchased as Meriahs . Persons of any race, age or sex, were acceptable if purchased . Numbers were bought and kept and well treated; and Meriah
See also:women were encouraged to become mothers . Ten or twelve days before the sacrifice the victim's hair was cut off, and the villagers having bathed, went with the
See also:priest to the sacred
See also:grove to forewarn the goddess . The festival lasted three days, and the wildest orgies were indulged in . See Major Macpherson, Religious Doctrines of the Khonds; his account of their religion in Jour . R .
See also:Soc. xiii . 220–221 and his
See also:Report upon the Khonds of Ganjam and
See also:Cuttack (
See also:Calcutta, 1842) ; also District Gazetteer of Angul (Calcutta, 1908) .
KHOLM (Polish Chelm)
KHORASAN, or KHORASSAN (i.e. " land of the sun ")
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