CAPTAIN' KIDD (C
See also:privateer and pirate, was
See also:born, perhaps, in
See also:Greenock, Scotland, but his origin is quite obscure . He told Paul
See also:Lorraine, the ordinary of Newgate, that he was " about 56 " at the
See also:time of his condemnation for piracy in 1701 . In 1691 an award from the council of New
See also:York of £150 was given him for his services during the disturbances in the colony after the revolution of 1688 . He was commissioned later to
See also:chase a hostile privateer off the
See also:coast, is described as an owner of
See also:ships, and is known to have served with
See also:credit against the French in the West Indies . In 1685 he came to
See also:London with a
See also:sloop of his own to
See also:trade . Colonel R . Livingston (1654-1724), a well-known New York
See also:land-owner, recommended him to the newly appointed colonial
See also:Lord Bellomont, as a
See also:fit man to command a vessel to cruise against the pirates in the Eastern seas (see PIRATE) . Accordingly the " Adventure
See also:Galley," a vessel of 3o guns and 275 tons, was privately fitted out, and the command given to Captain Kidd, who received the
See also:king's commission to arrest and bring to trial all pirates, and a commission of reprisals against the French . Kidd sailed from Plymouth in May 1696 for New York, where he filled up his
See also:crew, and in 1697 reached
See also:Madagascar, the pirates'
See also:rendezvous . He made no effort whatever to
See also:hunt them down . On the contrary he associated himself with a notorious pirate named Culliford .
The fact would seem to be that Kidd meant only tocapture French ships . When he found none he captured native trading vessels, under pretence that they were provided with French passes and were
See also:fair prize, and he plundered on the coast of
See also:Malabar . During 1698—1699 complaints reached the
See also:government as to the character of his proceedings . Lord Bellomont was instructed to apprehend him if he should return to
See also:America . Kidd deserted the "Adventure " in Madagascar, and sailed for America in one of his prizes, the "Quedah
See also:Merchant," which he also
See also:left in the West Indies: He reached New England in a small sloop with several of his crew and wrote to Bellomont, professing his ability to justify himself and sending the governor
See also:booty . He was arrested in
See also:July 1699, was sent to England and tried, first for the
See also:murder of one of his crew, and then with others for piracy . He was found guilty on both charges, and hanged at Execution
See also:Dock, London, on the 23rd of May 1701 . The evidence against him was that of two members of his crew, the surgeon and a sailor who turned king's evidence, but no other witnesses could be got in such circumstances, as the
See also:judge told him when he protested . " Captain . Kidd's Treasure " has been sought by various expeditions and about 14,000 was recovered from Kidd's
See also:ship and from
See also:Island (off the E. end of Long Island); but its magnitude was palpably exaggerated . He left a wife and
See also:child at New York . The so-called ballad about him is a poor imitation of the authentic chant of
See also:Admiral Benbpw .
Much has been written about Kidd, less because of the
See also:interest of his career than because the agreement made with him by Bellomont was the subject of violent
See also:political controversy . The best popular account is in An
See also:Sketch of
See also:Hood and Captain Kidd by W . W .
See also:Campbell (New York, 1853), in which the essential documents are quoted . But see PIRATE .
THOMAS KIDD (1770-185o)
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