KING , theWest
See also:African name of an astringent
See also:drug introduced into
See also:medicine in 1757 by
See also:Fothergill . When described by_him it was believed to have been brought from the
See also:Gambia in West Africa, and when first imported it was sold in England as Gummi rubrum astringens gambiense . It was obtained from Pterocarpus erinaceus . The drug now recognized as the legitimate kind is East
See also:Malabar or
See also:Amboyna kino, which is the evaporated juice obtained from incisions in the trunkof Pterocarpus Marsupium (
See also:Leguminosae), though Botany
See also:Bay or
See also:eucalyptus kino is used in
See also:Australia . When exuding from the
See also:tree it resembles red-
See also:currant jelly, but hardens in a few
See also:hours after exposure to the air and
See also:sun . When sufficiently dried it is packed into wooden boxes for exportation . When these are opened it breaks up into angular brittle fragments of a blackish-red coloui. and shining
See also:surface . In
See also:water it is only partially dissolved, leaving a
See also:pale flocculent
See also:residue which is soluble in boiling water but deposited again on cooling . It is soluble in
See also:alcohol and
See also:caustic alkalis, but not in
See also:ether . The chief constituent of the drug is kino-tannic acid, which is
See also:present to the extent of about 75%; it is only very slightly soluble in cold water . It is not absorbed at all from the stomach and only very slowly from the
See also:intestine . Other constituents are
See also:pyrocatechin, and kinoin, a crystalline neutral principle .
Kino-red is also present in small quantity, being an oxidation product of kino-tannic acid . The useful preparations of this drug are thetincture (dose 1—1 drachm), and the pelvis kino compositus (dose 5—20 gr.) which contains one
See also:part of opium in twenty . The drug is frequently used in diarrhoea, its value being due to the relative insolubility of kino-tannic acid, which enables it to affect the
See also:lower part of the intestine . In this respect it is parallel with
See also:catechu . It is not now used as a gargle, antiseptics being recognized as the rational treatment for sore-
See also:throat .
KINETICS (from Gr. taveiv, to move)
KING (O. Eng. cyning, abbreviated into cyng, cing; ...
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