See also:district of
See also:British India, in the N.E. of the
See also:Presidency .
See also:Masulipatam is the district
See also:head-quarters .
See also:Area, 8490 sq. m . The district is generally a
See also:country, but the interior is broken by a few low hills, the highest being 1857 ft. above
See also:sea-level . The
See also:rivers are the Kistna, which cuts the district into two portions, and the Munyeru, Paleru and Naguleru (tributaries of the Gundlakamma and the Kistna); the last only is navigable . The
See also:Kolar lake, which covers an area of 21 by 14 m., and the Romparu swamp are natural receptacles for the drainage on the
See also:north and south sides of the Kistna respectively . In 1901 the population was 2,154,803, showing an increase of 16% in the
See also:decade . Subsequently the area of the district was reduced by the formation of the new district of Guntur (q.v.), though Kistna received an accretion of territory from
See also:Godavari district . The population in 1901 on the area as reconstituted (5899 sq. m.) was 1,744,138 . The Kistna
See also:system of irrigation canals, which are available also for navigation, connect with the Godavari system . The principal crops are
See also:rice, millets,
See also:pulse, oil-seeds,
See also:tobacco and a little
See also:cane . There are several factories for ginning and pressing cotton .
The cigars known inEngland as Lunkas are partly made from tobacco grown on lankas or islands in the Kistna . The manufacture of chintzes at Masulipatam is a decaying
See also:industry, but cotton is
See also:woven everywhere for domestic use .
See also:Salt is evaporated, under
See also:government supervision, along the
See also:coast .
See also:Bezwada, at the head of the delta, is a place of growing importance, as the central junction of the East Coast railway system, which crosses the inland portion of the district in three directions . Some sea-
See also:trade, chiefly
See also:coasting, is carried on at the open roadsteads of Masulipatam and Nizampatam, both in the delta . The
See also:Church Missionary Society supports a
See also:college at Masulipatam . The early
See also:history of Kistna is inseparable from that of the
See also:northern Circars . Dharanikota and the adjacent
See also:town of
See also:Amravati were the seats of early
See also:Hindu and Buddhist governments; and the more
See also:Rajahmundry owed its importance to later dynasties . The Chalukyas here gave place to the Cholas, who in turn were ousted by the Reddi
See also:kings, who flourished during the 14th century, and built the forts of Bellamkonda, Kondavi and Kondapalli in the north of the district, while the Gajapati
See also:dynasty of
See also:Orissa ruled in the north . Afterwards the entire district passed to the Kutb Shahis of
See also:Golconda, until annexed to the
See also:empire by
See also:Aurangzeb in 1687 . Meantime the
See also:English had in 16r r established a small factory at Masulipatam, where they traded with varying
See also:fortune from 1759, when, 15 Masulipatam being captured from the French by Colonel
See also:Forde, with a force sent by
See also:Clive from
See also:Calcutta, the power of the English in the greater
See also:part of the district was
See also:complete .
KISTNA, or KRISHNA
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