MAX KLINGER (1857– ) ,German painter, etcher and sculptor, was
See also:born at Plagwitz near
See also:Leipzig . He attended the classes at the Carlsruhe
See also:art school in 1874, and went in the following
See also:year to Berlin, where in 1878 he created a sensation at the Academy
See also:exhibition with two series of
See also:ink drawings—the " Series upon the Theme of Christ " and " Fantasies upon the Finding of a Glove." The daring originality of these imaginative and eccentric
See also:works caused an outburst of indignation, and the artist was voted insane; nevertheless the " Glove " series was bought by the Berlin
See also:National Gallery . His
See also:painting of " The
See also:Judgment of
See also:Paris " caused a similar
See also:storm of indignant protest in 1887, owing to its rejection of all conventional attributes and the naive directness of the conception . His vivid and somewhat morbid
See also:imagination, with its leaning towards the gruesome and disagreeable, and the Goyaesque turn of his mind, found their best expression in his "cycles" of etchings: "Deliverances of Sacrificial Victims told in Ovid," " A
See also:Brahms Phantasy," "
See also:Eve and the Future," "A
See also:Life," and "Of
See also:Death"; but in his use of the
See also:needle he does not aim at the technical excellence of the
See also:great masters; it supplies him merely with means of expressing his ideas . After 1886 Klinger devoted himself more exclusively to painting and sculpture . In his painting he aims neither at classic beauty nor
See also:modern truth, but at grim impressiveness not without a
See also:touch of mysticism . His " Pietk" at the
See also:Dresden Gallery, the frescoes at the Leipzig University, and the " Christ in
See also:Olympus," at the Modern Gallery in Vienna, are characteristic examples of his art . The Leipzig Museum contains his sculptured "
See also:Salome" and "
See also:Cassandra." In sculpture he favours the use of varicoloured materials in the manner of the Greek chryselephantine sculpture . His "
See also:Beethoven" is a notable instance of his
See also:work in this direction .
FRIEDRICH MAXIMILIAN VON KLINGER (1752–1831)
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